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Discrete-Time Markov Control Processes: Basic Optimality Criteria (Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability, nr. 30)

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en Limba Engleză Hardback – December 1995
This book presents the first part of a planned two-volume series devoted to a systematic exposition of some recent developments in the theory of discrete-time Markov control processes (MCPs). Interest is mainly confined to MCPs with Borel state and control (or action) spaces, and possibly unbounded costs and noncompact control constraint sets. MCPs are a class of stochastic control problems, also known as Markov decision processes, controlled Markov processes, or stochastic dynamic pro­ grams; sometimes, particularly when the state space is a countable set, they are also called Markov decision (or controlled Markov) chains. Regardless of the name used, MCPs appear in many fields, for example, engineering, economics, operations research, statistics, renewable and nonrenewable re­ source management, (control of) epidemics, etc. However, most of the lit­ erature (say, at least 90%) is concentrated on MCPs for which (a) the state space is a countable set, and/or (b) the costs-per-stage are bounded, and/or (c) the control constraint sets are compact. But curiously enough, the most widely used control model in engineering and economics--namely the LQ (Linear system/Quadratic cost) model-satisfies none of these conditions. Moreover, when dealing with "partially observable" systems) a standard approach is to transform them into equivalent "completely observable" sys­ tems in a larger state space (in fact, a space of probability measures), which is uncountable even if the original state process is finite-valued.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9780387945798
ISBN-10: 0387945792
Pagini: 216
Ilustrații: XIV, 216 p.
Dimensiuni: 155 x 235 x 19 mm
Greutate: 1.13 kg
Ediția: 1996
Editura: Springer
Colecția Springer
Seria Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability

Locul publicării: New York, NY, United States

Public țintă

Research

Cuprins

1 Introduction and Summary.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Markov control processes.- 1.3 Preliminary examples.- 1.4 Summary of the following chapters.- 2 Markov Control Processes.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Markov control processes.- 2.3 Markov policies and the Markov property.- 3 Finite-Horizon Problems.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Dynamic programming.- 3.3 The measurable selection condition.- 3.4 Variants of the DP equation.- 3.5 LQ problems.- 3.6 A consumption-investment problem.- 3.7 An inventory-production system.- 4 Infinite-Horizon Discounted-Cost Problems.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 The discounted-cost optimality equation.- 4.3 Complements to the DCOE.- 4.4 Policy iteration and other approximations.- 4.5 Further optimality criteria.- 4.6 Asymptotic discount optimality.- 4.7 The discounted LQ problem.- 4.8 Concluding remarks.- 5 Long-Run Average-Cost Problems.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Canonical triplets.- 5.3 The vanishing discount approach.- 5.4 The average-cost optimality inequality.- 5.5 The average-cost optimality equation.- 5.6 Value iteration.- 5.7 Other optimality results.- 5.8 Concluding remarks.- 6 The Linear Programming Formulation.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Infinite-dimensional linear programming.- 6.3 Discounted cost.- 6.4 Average cost: preliminaries.- 6.5 Average cost: solvability.- 6.6 Further remarks.- Appendix A Miscellaneous Results.- Appendix B Conditional Expectation.- Appendix C Stochastic Kernels.- Appendix D Multifunctions and Selectors.- Appendix E Convergence of Probability Measures.- References.