The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences (Oxford Library of Psychology)

Editat de Andrew C. Papanicolaou
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en Limba Engleză Hardback – 15 Jun 2017
The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences describes in a readily accessible manner the several functional neuroimaging methods and critically appraises their applications that today account for a large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology literature. The complexity and the novelty of these methods often cloud appreciation of the methods' contributions and future promise. The Handbook begins with an overview of the basic concepts of functional brain imaging common to all methods, and proceeds with a description of each of them, namely magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Its second part covers the various research applications of functional neuroimaging on issues like the function of the default mode network; thepossibility and the utility of imaging of consciousness; the search for mnemonic traces of concepts; human will and decision-making; motor cognition; language; the mechanisms of affective states and pain; the presurgical mapping of the brain; and others. As such, the volume reviews the methods andtheir contributions to current research and comments on the degree to which they have enhanced our understanding of the relation between neurophysiological activity and sensory, motor, and cognitive functions. Moreover, it carefully considers realistic contributions of functional neuroimaging to future endeavors in cognitive neuroscience, medicine, and neuropsychology.
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ISBN-13: 9780199764228
ISBN-10: 0199764220
Pagini: 416
Dimensiuni: 192 x 260 x 33 mm
Greutate: 1.16 kg
Editura: Oxford University Press
Colecția OUP USA
Seria Oxford Library of Psychology

Locul publicării: New York, United States


With the rapid advances in neuroimaging affecting clinical practice, this book is a must for any student, resident, or practicing clinician who inevitably will interact with these augmentations to patient care. With chapters written in a concise and clear manner, it takes the reader through the basics of multiple neuroimaging techniques, explaining their foundation and illustrating clinical and experimental applications. This text goes a long way in helping tomaintain up-to-date knowledge in the fields of Neurology, Neuropsychology, Psychiatry, and is most highly recommended for all practitioners and researchers.
In the past few decades, the emergence of functional imaging has produced new insights into brain mechanisms, but the various techniques and the massive expansion of data makes the field very difficult to assimilate. Dr. Papanicolaou has produced an excellent comprehensive handbook detailing techniques and the current state of findings across multiple domains. The handbook will be of distinct value to students and established researchers.
In this book, Andrew Papanicolaou describes in detail the different functional brain imaging techniques and their application to neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience. This book is not merely a list of neuroimaging techniques and of their applications for the consumers of the neuroimaging literature, but it has the rare and invaluable merit of underlying the limits, the flaws and the misuse of these techniques. Neuroimaging scientists should moderate thetendency to always study new issues and publish what 'has never been done before.' The result is that we have an overwhelming amount of data and models, or pseudo models, and sets of unconnected conjectures when much more fundamental issues remain unresolved. This kind of book was needed and will,hopefully, encourage scientists to reconsider their use of functional brain imaging.
Cognitive neuropsychologists must welcome this book. Neuroimaging meets cognition in an unprecedentedly honest way. This is not just about taking pictures, but providing them with meaning. Not an easy task and no cheap shortcuts. Papanicolau's report of current state of the art explores all implications of theoretically driven neuroimaging, with a critical eye and scholarly attention to detail.
Much like the concept of IQ, the apparent straightforwardness of functional imaging frequently lends itself to oversimplication and mischaracterization of the complex brain networks underlying cognition. Papanicolaou's Handbook provides critical appraisal of often neglected assumptions underlying functional imaging for inferring brain-behavior relationships and how competing theories and models of complex cognitive behavior influence the meaningfulness offunctional imaging <"facts.>" As such, the Handbook provides a valuable addition to the library of works for serious students interested in unravelling the brain mechanisms giving rise to normal and abnormal cognitive processes.
[A] masterful, in depth review of different functional and structural imaging modalities. In addition to providing a thorough review of different modalities, including acquisition, processing, and analyses, the handbook also outlines strengths and weaknesses of each modality. Potential solutions for potential problems with each application are provided, as well as explanations of different applications. As in his previous texts on neuroimaging, Dr. Papanicolaoubrings his personal experience and broad expertise into each chapter, usually supplemented by a major expert with each modality. The combination of neurophysiological and metabolic imaging modalities in a single volume makes this handbook useful as a textbook or as a synthesis of current developments infunctional and structural neuroimaging.
Since the pioneering studies in Lund and Copenhagen some 50 years ago, a variety of functional brain imaging methods have given numerous new insights into the function of the brain in health and disease. This handbook will provide the reader with upto date methodogical knowledge about the major modern methods used, including discussions about their pros and cons. A variety of applications of functional brain imaging methods for elucidating connectivity and brainnetworks involved in memory, language, executive functions, consciousness and emotions are reviewed in a highly competent way. This handbook is a must for neuropsychologists and neuroscientists in search for deeper knowledge about functional brain imaging.
This book presents a unique synthesis of current brain imaging contributions to neuroscience, skillfully edited by one of the leading authorities in this area. Professor Andrew C. Papanicolaou and his team of experts provide essential guiding principles for functional neuroimaging in both conceptual and clinical contexts, and set the stage for new trends, offering another outstanding example of the scholarly reviews we have come to expect from the Oxford Handbooksseries.
As practically useful and accurate as this book is in describing neuroimaging methodologies and their respective applications, an even greater purpose is served by the very insightful chapters addressing the more esoteric claims of where neuroimaging can take us in revealing mechanisms underlying such higher brain functions as memory, attention, decision-making, and 'consciousness.' These discussions. . . are clearly attributable to Dr. Papanicolaou's lifelonginvolvement with cognitive research, electrophysiology, imaging, and classical philosophy. Although he and his co-authors review the accomplishments of the field and carefully consider realistic neuroimaging contributions to future endeavors in medicine and neuropsychology, Dr. Papanicolaou also continueswith a healthy, well-argued, skepticism about the more extravagant claims and expectations of the neuroimaging community.

Notă biografică

Andrew C. Papanicolaou, PhD, is professor and chief of the Division of Clinical Neurosciences as well as professor in the Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology at the University of Tennessee, College of Medicine. He is Co-Director of the Neuroscience Institute of the Le Bonheur Hospital of Memphis. He is the author of more than 250 peer-reviewed articles and several books including Clinical Magnetoencephalography and Magnetic Source Imaging and The Amnesias: AClinical Textbook of Memory Disorders (OUP 2006).