Cantitate/Preț
Produs

Chemical Looping Systems for Fossil Energy Conversions

De (autor)
Notă GoodReads:
en Limba Engleză Hardback – 27 Oct 2010

This book presents the current carbonaceous fuel conversion technologies based on chemical looping concepts in the context of traditional or conventional technologies. The key features of the chemical looping processes, their ability to generate a sequestration–ready CO2 stream, are thoroughly discussed. Chapter 2 is devoted entirely to the performance of particles in chemical looping technology and covers the subjects of solid particle design, synthesis, properties, and reactive characteristics. The looping processes can be applied for combustion and/or gasification of carbon–based material such as coal, natural gas, petroleum coke, and biomass directly or indirectly for steam, syngas, hydrogen, chemicals, electricity, and liquid fuels production. Details of the energy conversion efficiency and the economics of these looping processes for combustion and gasification applications in contrast to those of the conventional processes are given in Chapters 3, 4, and 5.Finally, Chapter 6 presents additional chemical looping applications that are potentially beneficial, including those  for H2 storage and onboard H2 production, CO2 capture in combustion flue gas, power generation using fuel cell, steam–methane reforming, tar sand digestion, and chemicals and  liquid fuel production. A CD is appended to this book that contains the chemical looping simulation files and the simulation results based on the ASPEN Plus software for such reactors as gasifier, reducer, oxidizer and combustor, and for such processes as conventional gasification processes, Syngas Chemical Looping Process, Calcium Looping Process, and Carbonation–Calcination Reaction (CCR) Process.
Note: CD–ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Citește tot Restrânge

Preț: 51514 lei

Preț vechi: 60605 lei
-15%

Puncte Express: 773

Preț estimativ în valută:
9915 10489$ 8345£

Carte disponibilă

Livrare economică 01-07 iunie

Preluare comenzi: 021 569.72.76

Specificații

ISBN-13: 9780470872529
ISBN-10: 0470872527
Pagini: 440
Dimensiuni: 153 x 252 x 27 mm
Greutate: 0.77 kg
Editura: Wiley
Locul publicării: Hoboken, United States

Public țintă

Engineers and chemists working in chemical and energy industry

Textul de pe ultima copertă

The all–inclusive guide on how to convert fossil fuel energy using chemical looping technology
Unique in their ability to generate a sequestration–ready CO2 stream, chemical looping systems employ novel technology that can one day be used to efficiently convert fossil fuels into clean energy. Chemical Looping Systems for Fossil Energy Conversions explores the new techniques that have been developed for direct or indirect processing of coal and other carbonaceous feedstock in chemical looping reactors; covers the role that science plays in the production of steam, snygas, hydrogen, chemicals, electricity, and liquid fuels; and takes a close look at how chemical looping systems are poised to make the leap from the laboratory to real–world commercial applications. This forward–thinking reference:

  • Includes a CD with chemical looping simulation files and the simulation results based on the ASPEN Plus® software
  • Provides fundamentals and applications of chemical looping processes that can be used in the combustion and/or gasification of carbon–based materials such as coal, natural gas, petroleum coke, and biomass
  • Contains many references for research or courses concerning chemical processes, fossil energy systems, and CO2 capture technologies

Detailing the fossil fuel conversion procedures that can make these looping processes an effective and economical practice for maximizing natural resource utilization, this book offers an in–depth view of the research conducted in this field from a commercially viable perspective and contributes a sound long–term energy strategy that holds the promise of benefiting generations to come.


Cuprins

Preface. 1 Introduction.
1.1 Background.
1.1.1 Renewable Energy.
1.1.2 Fossil Energy Outlook.
1.2 Coal Combustion.
1.2.1 Energy Conversion Efficiency Improvement.
1.2.2 Flue Gas Pollutant Control Methods.
1.3 CO2 Capture.
1.4 CO2 Sequestration.
1.5 Coal Gasification.
1.6 Chemical Looping Concepts.
1.7 Chemical Looping Processes.
1.8 Overview of This Book.
References.
2 Chemical Looping Particles.
2.1 Introduction.
2.2 Type I Chemical Looping System.
2.2.1 General Particle Characteristics.
2.2.2 Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibrium of Metals and Metal Oxides.
2.2.3 Particle Regeneration with Steam.
2.2.4 Reaction with Oxygen and Heat of Reaction.
2.2.5 Particle Design Considering Heat of Reaction.
2.2.6 Particle Preparation and Recyclability.
2.2.7 Particle Formulation and Effect of Support.
2.2.8 Effect of Particle Size and Mechanical Strength.
2.2.9 Carbon and Sulfur Formation Resistance.
2.2.10 Particle Reaction Mechanism.
2.2.11 Effect of Reactor Design and Gas Solid Contact Modes.7
2.2.12 Selection of Primary Metal for Chemical Looping Combustion of Coal.
2.3 Type II Chemical Looping System.
2.3.1 Types of Metal Oxide.
2.3.2 Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibrium of Metal Oxide and Metal Carbonate.
2.3.3 Reaction Characteristics of Ca–Based Sorbents for CO2 Capture.
2.3.4 Synthesis of the High–Reactivity PCC–CaO Sorbent.
2.3.5 Reactivity of Calcium Sorbents.
2.3.6 Recyclability of Calcium Oxides.
2.4 Concluding Remarks.
References.
3 Chemical Looping Combustion.
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 CO2 Capture Strategies for Fossil Fuel Combustion Power Plants.
3.2.1 Pulverized Coal Combustion Power Plants.
3.2.2 CO2 Capture Strategies.
3.3 Chemical Looping Combustion.
3.3.1 Particle Reactive Properties and Their Relationship with CLC Operation.
3.3.2 Key Design and Operational Parameters for a CFB–Based CLC System.
3.3.3 CLC Reactor System Design.
3.3.4 Gaseous Fuel CLC Systems and Operational Results.
3.3.5 Solid Fuel CLC Systems and Operational Results.
3.4 Concluding Remarks.
References.
4 Chemical Looping Gasification Using Gaseous Fuels.
4.1 Introduction.
4.2 Traditional Coal Gasification Processes.
4.2.1 Electricity Production Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC).
4.2.2 H2 Production.
4.2.3 Liquid Fuel Production.
4.3 Iron–Based Chemical Looping Processes Using Gaseous Fuels.
4.3.1 Lane Process and Messerschmitt Process.
4.3.2 U.S. Bureau of Mines Pressurized Fluidized Bed Steam–Iron Process.
4.3.3 Institute of Gas Technology Process.
4.3.4 Syngas Chemical Looping (SCL) Process.
4.4 Design, Analysis and Optimization of the Syngas Chemical Looping (SCL) Process.
4.4.1 Thermodynamic Analyses of SCL Reactor Behavior.
4.4.2 ASPEN PLUS Simulation of SCL Reactor Systems.
4.4.3 Syngas Chemical Looping (SCL) Process Testing.
4.5 Process Simulation of the Traditional Gasification Process and the Syngas Chemical Looping Process.
4.5.1 Common Assumptions and Model Setup.
4.5.2 Description of Various Systems.
4.5.3 ASPEN PLUS Simulation, Results, and Analyses.
4.6 Example of SCL Applications A Coal–to–Liquid Confi guration.
4.6.1 Process Overview.
4.6.2 Mass/Energy Balance and Process Evaluation.
4.7 Calcium Looping Process Using Gaseous Fuels.
4.7.1 Description of the Processes.
4.7.2 Reaction Characteristics of the Processes.
4.7.3 Analyses of the Processes.
4.7.4 Enhanced Coal–to–Liquid (CTL) Process with Sulfur and CO2 Capture.
4.8 Concluding Remarks.
References.
5 Chemical Looping Gasification Using Solid Fuels.
5.1 Introduction.
5.2 Chemical Looping Gasification Processes Using Calcium–Based Sorbent.
5.2.1 CO2 Acceptor Process.
5.2.2 HyPr–Ring Process.
5.2.3 Zero Emission Coal Alliance Process.
5.2.4 ALSTOM Hybrid Combustion–Gasification Process.
5.2.5 Fuel–Flexible Advanced Gasification–Combustion Process.
5.2.6 General Comments.
5.3 Coal–Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Processes Using Iron–Based Oxygen Carriers.
5.3.1 Coal–Direct Chemical Looping Process Configuration I.
5.3.2 Coal–Direct Chemical Looping Process Configuration II.
5.3.3 Comments on the Iron–Based Coal–Direct Chemical Looping Process.
5.4 Challenges to the Coal–Direct Chemical Looping Processes and Strategy for Improvements.
5.4.1 Oxygen–Carrier Particle Reactivity and Char Reaction Enhancement.
5.4.2 Configurations and Conversions of the Reducer.
5.4.3 Performance of the Oxidizer and the Combustor.
5.4.4 Fate of Pollutants and Ash.
5.4.5 Energy Management, Heat Integration, and General Comments.
5.5 Process Simulation on the Coal–Direct Chemical Looping Process.
5.5.1 ASPEN Model Setup.
5.5.2 Simulation Results.
5.6 Concluding Remarks.
References.
6 Novel Applications of Chemical Looping Technologies.
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 Hydrogen Storage and Onboard Hydrogen Production.
6.2.1 Compressed Hydrogen Gas and Liquefi ed Hydrogen.
6.2.2 Metal Hydrides.
6.2.3 Bridged Metal–Organic Frameworks.
6.2.4 Carbon Nanotubes and Graphite Nanofibers.
6.2.5 Onboard Hydrogen Production via Iron Based Materials.
6.3 Carbonation–Calcination Reaction (CCR) Process for Carbon Dioxide Capture.
6.4 Chemical Looping Gasification Integrated with Fuel Cells.
6.4.1 Chemical Looping Gasification Integrated with Solid–Oxide Fuel Cells.
6.4.2 Direct Solid Fuel Cells.
6.5 Enhanced Steam Methane Reforming.
6.6 Tar Sand Digestion via Steam Generation.
6.7 Liquid Fuel Production from Chemical Looping Gasification.
6.8 Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling (CLOU).
6.9 Concluding Remarks.
References.
Subject Index.
Author Index.


Recenzii

"This book presents the current carbonaceous fuel conversion technologies based on chemical looping concepts in the context of traditional or conventional technologies. The key features of the chemical looping processes, their ability to generate a sequestration–ready CO2 stream, are thoroughly discussed. Chapter 2 is devoted entirely to the performance of particles in chemical looping technology and covers the subjects of solid particle design, synthesis, properties, and reactive characteristics." (Trading Charts, 23 November 2010)

"This book presents the current carbonaceous fuel conversion technologies based on chemical looping concepts in the context of traditional or conventional technologies. The key features of the chemical looping processes, their ability to generate a sequestration–ready CO2 stream, are thoroughly discussed. Chapter 2 is devoted entirely to the performance of particles in chemical looping technology and covers the subjects of solid particle design, synthesis, properties, and reactive characteristics". (ADVFN India, 23 November 2010)

Notă biografică

Liang–Shih Fan is Distinguished University Professor and C. John Easton Professor in Engineering in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the Ohio State University. He is the U.S. Editor of Powder Technology and has served as a consulting editor of ten other journals and book series, including the AIChE Journal, the I&EC Research, and the International Journal of Multiphase Flow. He has authored or coauthored four books, 330 journal articles, and twenty five patents, and has received a number of awards in recognition of his research and teaching, including ACS′s E. V. Murphree Award in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry and AIChE′s Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, an Academician of the Academia Sinica, and a foreign member of the Mexican Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering.