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New Types of Persistent Halogenated Compounds: The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, cartea 3 / 3K

Editat de Jaakko Paasivirta
en Limba Engleză Hardback – 12 noi 1999
Environmental Chemistry is a relatively young science. Interest in this subject, however, is growing very rapidly and, although no agreement has been reached as yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there appears to be increasing interest in seeing environmental topics which are based on chemistry embodied in this subject. One of the first objectives of Environ mental Chemistry must be the study of the environment and of natural chemical processes which occur in the environment. A major purpose of this series on Environmental Chemistry, therefore, is to present a reasonably uniform view of various aspects of the chemistry of the environment and chemical reactions occurring in the environment. The industrial activities of man have given a new dimension to Environ mental Chemistry. We have now synthesized and described over five million chemical compounds and chemical industry produces about hundred and fifty million tons of synthetic chemicals annually. We ship billions of tons of oil per year and through mining operations and other geophysical modifications, large quantities of inorganic and organic materials are released from their natural deposits. Cities and metropolitan areas of up to 15 million inhabitants produce large quantities of waste in relatively small and confined areas. Much of the chemical products and waste products of modern society are released into the environment either during production, storage, transport, use or ultimate disposal. These released materials participate in natural cycles and reactions and frequently lead to interference and disturbance of natural systems.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9783540658382
ISBN-10: 3540658386
Pagini: 388
Ilustrații: XIV, 366 p.
Dimensiuni: 155 x 235 x 26 mm
Greutate: 0.72 kg
Ediția:2000
Editura: Springer Berlin, Heidelberg
Colecția Springer
Seriile The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Anthropogenic Compounds

Locul publicării:Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany

Public țintă

Research

Descriere

Environmental Chemistry is a relatively young science. Interest in this subject, however, is growing very rapidly and, although no agreement has been reached as yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there appears to be increasing interest in seeing environmental topics which are based on chemistry embodied in this subject. One of the first objectives of Environ mental Chemistry must be the study of the environment and of natural chemical processes which occur in the environment. A major purpose of this series on Environmental Chemistry, therefore, is to present a reasonably uniform view of various aspects of the chemistry of the environment and chemical reactions occurring in the environment. The industrial activities of man have given a new dimension to Environ mental Chemistry. We have now synthesized and described over five million chemical compounds and chemical industry produces about hundred and fifty million tons of synthetic chemicals annually. We ship billions of tons of oil per year and through mining operations and other geophysical modifications, large quantities of inorganic and organic materials are released from their natural deposits. Cities and metropolitan areas of up to 15 million inhabitants produce large quantities of waste in relatively small and confined areas. Much of the chemical products and waste products of modern society are released into the environment either during production, storage, transport, use or ultimate disposal. These released materials participate in natural cycles and reactions and frequently lead to interference and disturbance of natural systems.

Cuprins

J. Paasivirta: Alkylaromatic Chlorohydrocarbons.- J. de Boer: Tris(4-Chlorophenyl)Methanol and Tris(4-Chlorophenyl)Methane.- J. de Boer: Polychlorinated Terphenyls.- J. de Boer, K. de Boer, J.P. Boon: Polybrominated Biphenyls and Diphenylethers.- E. Jakobsson, L. Asplund: Polychlorinated Naphthalenes (PCNs).- N. Kannan: Non- and Mono-ortho Chlorinated Biphenyls.- J. Koistinen: Polychlorinated Diphenyl Ethers (PCDE).- D. Muir, G. Stern, G. Tomy: Chlorinated Paraffins.- W. Vetter, M. Oehme: Toxaphene. Analysis and Environmental Fate of Congeners.- S. Sinkkonen: Polychlorinated Dibenzothiophenes (PCDTS), Thianthrenes (PCTAS) and Their Alkylated Derivatives.- R.J. Letcher, E. Klasson-Wehler, Å. Bergman: Methyl Sulfone and Hydroxylated Metabolites of Polychlorinated Biphenyls.

Textul de pe ultima copertă

The book gives an overview on properties and research methods of new persistent organic chlorine and bromine compounds which have been observed as potential environmental hazards especially as bioaccumulated xenobiotics, but intensively studied only recently. Sources from product uses, industrial processes, wastes, emissions or metabolic transformations are reviewed. Physical and chemical properties and degradation rates useful for environmental fate predictions are given. Observations of levels and trends in environmental compartments are presented. Analytical methodologies and biological effects are described in detail. Compounds reviewed include planar PCBs, PCB metabolites, alkylaromatic chlorohydrocarbons (from pulp chlorobleaching and substitutes of PCBs), polybrominated biphenyls, polychlorinated and polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated terphenyls, naphthalenes, dibenzothiophenes and paraffins, toxaphene and tris(4-chlorophenyl)methane derivatives.

Caracteristici

Comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview on environmentally hazardous compounds, the toxicological properties and metabolic transformations of which have been studied only recently