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Urban Development in the Victorian Era

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Notă GoodReads:
en Paperback – 18 Sep 2019
Fromdesolatemarshtoadesolatetown-fromWilliamtheConquerortoQueenVictoriaGrangetownisadistricttothesouthwestofthecityofCardiff,boundedbytheriversTaffandElyandtheSevernEstuary.Itisanareaofterracedhousing,smallindustriesandcommercialoutlets,besidesboastingacomprehensiverangeofsocialfacilities.ItsarchitectureisclearlyVictorian;butwhywasitbuiltinthatperiodandwhowasbehindit?Justasinteresting,whatwastherebeforeanyconstructionwascontemplated?Toanswerthelatterquestion,over800yearstheareapassedthroughthehandsofvariouslords,bishops,farmers,andevenmonks.ItwasthemonksofMargamAbbeywhoturnedwhathadbeendesolate,tidalmarshlandintoaproductivegrange.AftertheDissolutionoftheMonasteries,theareawasparcelledupintotithedlandwhichwasboughtbysuccessivegenerationsofgentryandinvestors.Eventually,itcameintothehandsofthethirdMarquisofButeandtheWindsor-Clivefamilies,bothofwhomwerelockedincompetitionforwealth-creationthroughtheconstructionoftheportsofCardiffandPenarth.TheIndustrialRevolutionandinparticularthemid-Victorianperiodofferedgreatopportunitiesforinvestment.Moneywascheap;innovationsandinventionsabounded;andaftertheGreatExhibitionconfidenceinBritainanditsinventivenessreacheditszenith.ThiswasthemomenttheWindsorscasttheirinvestmentsatthedesolatemarshygrangeasameansofhousingthemanyworkersneededfortheirnewharbour,docksandrailwaysandtheancillaryindustriesitwashopingwouldariseonadjacentland.TheareatobeknownasGrangetownwasconstructedsimultaneouslywiththeworkingclassareasofPenarthanditsdocksandharbour;andwasconsideredverymuchapartofit.Bydefinition,buildingonamarshwasnottobeeasy.Oncebegun,forthoselivingonthemarsh,lifewouldnotbeeasyeither.Theinitialphasesofhousingwerepoorandresidents'healthsuffered.Outbreaksofcholeraandtyphoidravagedthearea.Thefailureofsomeindustrialventuresbroughtunemployment.Seweragesystemsfailed.Freshwatersourceswerepolluted.Grangetowncametobeknownforitsfailinginfrastructure,chronicdisease,crimeandhomelessness.Eventually,theBoroughofCardiffrestedtheareafromitsconstructorsandinvestors,andbroughtitundertheadministrationofCardiff.TothecreatorsofGrangetownthiswasanaffrontandCardiff'stakeoverbidwasresisted.Thestreetsofimpoverished,terracedhousesbecamethefocusofastruggleforpowerandinfluencenotonlybetweenthetwogreatfamiliesoftheButesandtheWindsors,butalsobetweentheelectedcouncilsofPenarthandCardiff;allthisoccurringagainstabackgroundofunparalleledwealthcreatedbythegreatdocksthetwofamilieshadcreated.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781911265108
ISBN-10: 1911265105
Pagini: 238
Dimensiuni: 191 x 235 x 13 mm
Greutate: 0.42 kg
Editura: Wordcatcher Publishing