Paul's Visual Piety: The Metamorphosis of the BeholderDe (autor) J. M. F. Heath
en Limba Engleză Hardback – 02 May 2013
these play a key role in forming and maintaining relationships in religious devotion and in social life. The Visual Studies movement brought issues such as these to the attention of most humanities disciplines by the end of the twentieth century, but until very recently made little impact on
Biblical Studies. The explanation for this disciplinary blind-spot lies partly in the reception of St Paul, who became Augustine's inspiration for platonising denigration of the material world, and Luther's for faith through scripture alone. In the hands of more radical Reformers, the Word was
soon vehemently opposed to the Image, an emphasis that was further fostered in the philologically-inclined university faculties where Biblical Studies developed.
Yet Paul's piety is visual as well as verbal, even aside from his mystical visions. He envisages a contemplative focus on certain this-worldly sights as an integral part of believers' metamorphosis into Christ-likeness. This theme runs through Romans, but finds its most concise expression in his
correspondence with the Corinthians: We all, with unveiled face, beholding in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being metamorphosed into the same image, from glory to glory, as from the Lord, the Spirit (2 Cor 3:18). Richly ambiguous and allegorical as this is, Paul shortly afterward defines
an earthly site where this transformative, sacred gaze occurs. He insists that not mere death, but the death of Jesus is 'made manifest' in his suffering apostolic flesh. Rightly perceived, this becomes a holy spectacle for the sacred gaze, working life in those who behold in faith, but undoing
those who see but do not perceive.
The book offers many rewards for the careful reading and re-reading it demands. From wide-ranging early chapters, where Heath makes a compelling case for ancient visual piety and its virtual eclipse in post-Reformation exegesis of Paul, to close readings of certain passages in Romans 1-4 and 2 Corinthians 2-7, we are asked to look through both a telescope (the wide theoretical and historical view) and a microscope (the focus on a few key texts)