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For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics

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en Limba Engleză Hardback – 29 Apr 2022
The foundations of research ethics are riven with fault lines emanating from a fear that if research is too closely connected to weighty social purposes an imperative to advance the common good through research will justify abrogating the rights and welfare of study participants. The result is an impoverished conception of the nature of research, an incomplete focus on actors who bear important moral responsibilities, and a system of ethics and oversight highlyattuned to the dangers of research but largely silent about threats of ineffective, inefficient, and inequitable medical practices and health systems. In For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics, Alex John London defends a conception of the common good that grounds a moral imperative with two requirements. The first is to promote research that generates the information necessary to enable key social institutions to effectively, efficiently, and equitably safeguard the basic interests of individuals. The second is to ensure that research is organized as a voluntary scheme of social cooperation that respectsits various contributors' moral claims to be treated as free and equal. Connecting research to the goals of a just social order grounds a framework for assessing and managing research risk that reconciles these requirements and justifies key oversight practices in non-paternalistic terms. Reconceiving researchethics as resolving coordination problems and providing credible assurance that these requirements are being met expands the issues and actors that fall within the purview of the field and provides the foundation for a more unified and coherent approach to domestic and international research. This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9780197534830
ISBN-10: 019753483X
Pagini: 480
Dimensiuni: 166 x 243 x 35 mm
Greutate: 0.93 kg
Editura: Oxford University Press
Colecția OUP USA
Locul publicării: New York, United States

Recenzii

An outstanding work. London has produced a book that is philosophically rich and practically relevant with deep insights about justice, the common good, and risk in a pluralistic society. It offers a compelling vision of research as a democratic activity that produces an important social good and it will repay careful study from philosophers and policy makers alike.
For the Common Good is a ground-breaking book. Alex John London argues persuasively for an expanded vision of the conception and practice of ethics in research that locates justice at the heart of the research enterprise. The result is a tour de force in moral philosophy and practical ethics.
With this volume, Alex John London makes a major contribution to the research ethics literature. His analysis is broad and deep, delivering new insights on well-studied topics and illuminating neglected concepts such as the social value of research. For the Common Good is destined to become an essential resource for scholars, students, policymakers, and others seeking to develop a just and fair research enterprise
A view has become entrenched that the interests of the tiny proportion of patients who participate in clinical trials addressing treatment uncertainties are more in need of protection than are the vastly greater numbers of patients being offered the same treatments in the 'uncontrolled experiments' of everyday clinical practice. This double standard and other poorly thought-through features of research ethics are brilliantly challenged by Alex John London in ForThe Common Good. This important book shows how the interests of society and of individual research participants can be promoted concurrently.

Notă biografică

Alex John London is the Clara L. West Professor of Ethics and Philosophy and Director of the Center for Ethics and Policy at Carnegie Mellon University. An elected Fellow of the Hastings Center, Professor London's work addresses ethical and philosophical questions at the foundations of medicine, biotechnology and artificial intelligence. His more than 100 published papers or book chapters have appeared in Mind, The Philosopher's Imprint,Science, JAMA, The Lancet, The BMJ, PLoS Medicine, Statistics In Medicine, The Hastings Center Report, and numerous other journals and collections. He has served as an ethics expert in consultations with numerous national and international organizations including the World Health Organization, the World Medical Association, theWorld Bank, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and the U.S. National Academy of Medicine. He is also co-editor of Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, one of the most widely used textbooks in medical ethics.