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The United Nations, Peace Operations and the Cold War (Seminar Studies in History)

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en Limba Engleză Carte Paperback – July 2011
This is the first introduction to the United Nation's activities during the Cold War period. It combines a history of the UN with a broader account of east-west diplomacy during the Cold War and after. Norrie MacQueen begins by looking at the formation, structure and functions of the UN. Then, within a chronological framework, he assesses its contribution to international security from the emergence of the UN's peacekeeping role in 1945-56 right through to UN operations in the 1990s in Angola, Somalia and Bosnia.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781408237663
ISBN-10: 1408237660
Pagini: 162
Dimensiuni: 173 x 239 x 15 mm
Greutate: 0.43 kg
Ediția: 2 Revizuită
Editura: Longman Publishing Group
Seria Seminar Studies in History


Cuprins

Preface to the Second Edition
Chronology
UN Operations Established 1948-1995
Who’s Who
Glossary
 
Part One: Analysis
 
1    The ‘Failure’ of the League of Nations and the Beginnings of the UN
  • A new world order?  
  • Managing post-war adjustment  
  • The breakdown of the collective idea  
  • The war-time origins of the UN  
 
2    The United Nations and the Dilemmas of Collective Security
  • International security and the UN Charter  
  • Onset of the cold war and the end of the illusion: Korea  
 
3    The (Re)Discovery of Peacekeeping
  • Truce supervision in Palestine  
  • Military observation in Kashmir  
  • The UN’s first peacekeeping ‘force’: Suez  
 

4    Cold War Peacekeeping Conceptualized
  • Hammarskjöld’s Summary Study and the ‘rules’ of peacekeeping  
  • Arab Nationalism and the international system: Lebanon and Yemen  
 
5    The Peacekeeping Model Challenged: from the Congo to Cyprus
  • Post-colonial test: the Congo morass  
  • The UN in West New Guinea: peace without honour?  
  • Peacekeeping within the Cold War Family: Cyprus  
  • The legality of peace operations: the article 19 crisis  
 
6    Superpower Détente and Peace Operations in the Middle East
  • Israel, Egypt, Syria and the 1973 war  
  • Lebanonin the twilight of Détente  
 
7    The ‘Second’ Cold War: Peace Suspended? 
  • Non-UN peacekeeping in the Middle East  
  • Peace operations resume: the Namibia-Angola arrangement  
 
8    The End of the Cold War
  • Opportunityand demand: the new post-cold war world  
  • Collective security at last?  Operation Desert Storm  
  • Boutros-Ghali’s Agenda for Peace  
 

 
9    Peace Operations and the Cold War: a Balance Sheet
  • Peace operations and the status of the United Nations  
  • Peace operations and regional stability  
  • Peace operations and the state  
 
Part Two: Documents
 
1 The International Force for the Saar: report of the League of Nations Council sub-committee, 12 December 1934.
 
2 The Covenant of the League of Nations and collective security.
 
3 From the Atlantic Charter, August 1941.
 
4 International security and the United Nations Charter.
 
5 The Soviet Union and the veto: from Andrei Gromyko, Memories (1989).
 
6 The Unified Command in Korea: US State Department memo, 13 September 1950.
 
7 The General Assembly Uniting for Peace resolution, 3 November 1950.
 
8 Inter-war precursors of UN peace operations.
 
9 Secretary General Trygvie Lie on the Palestine Truce Supervision Organization and the assassination of Count Bernadotte: from  In the Cause of Peace (1954).
 
10    Lester Pearson and the United Nations Emergency Force: from Mike: the Memoirs of the Right Honourable Lester B. Pearson (1973).
 
11    U Thant and the withdrawal of UNEF: from View from the UN (1978).
 
12    Dag Hammarskjöld’s ‘Summary Study’ of Peacekeeping the light of the Suez experience, October 1958.
 
13    Three Security Council Resolutions on the Congo operation.
 
14    Exchange of letters between Congo prime minister Patrice Lumumba and secretary general Dag Hammarskjöld, August 1960.
 
15    Khrushchev and the ‘troika’ proposal: address to the General Assembly, 23 September 1960.
 
16    Conor Cruise O’Brien and the Katanga question: from To Katanga and Back (1963).
 
17    Hammarskjöld and the pressures of office: from Markings (1964).
 
18    Forming the Cyprus Force: letter from Irish External Affairs Minister Frank Aiken to secretary general U Thant, 13 March 1964.
 
19    The financing of peace operations: the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice, 20 July 1962.
 
20    Détente and the Middle East – the American perspective: from Henry Kissinger, Years of Upheaval (1982).
 
21    Détente and the Middle East – the Soviet perspective: from Anatoly Dobrynin, In Confidence: Moscow’s Ambassador to America’s Six Cold War Presidents (1995).
 
22    Secretary general Kurt Waldheim on the Lebanon force: fromIn the Eye of the Storm (1985).
 
23    US-UN relations and the end of the operation in Somalia: from  Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Unvanquished (1999).
 
24    Operation Desert Storm: Security Council Resolution 678, 29 November 1990.
 
25    Secretary general Boutros-Ghali’s proposal for peace enforcement units: from An Agenda for Peace (1992).
 
 
Further Reading
 
References
 

Notă biografică

Norrie MacQueen is currently Senior Lecturer in Politics at the University of Dundee, and author of a range of books on the UN and peacekeeping including Peacekeeping and the International System (2006), The United Nations: a Beginner's Guide (2010), and Humanitarian Intervention and the United Nations (2011).

Textul de pe ultima copertă

Peace operations have become, perhaps, the most high profile of the activities undertaken by the United Nations in recent years. "The United Nations, Peace Operations and the Cold War "provides a unique account of the early development of this project during the critical cold war period.

The concept of peacekeeping first emerged in the UN as a practical response to the challenges presented by the cold war. The ambitious project for the enforcement of collective security first set out in the UN charter proved unworkable in the polarised conditions of the time. Instead, more modestly scaled peace operations developed as a means of stamping out local 'brushfires' worldwide before they spread and grew into major global conflagrations involving the competing superpowers.

This thoroughly revised second edition focuses closely on the international politics of the cold war years, and incorporates recent studies and research to present a comprehensive, up-to-date and informed narrative, offering:

- An examination of peace operations in the pre-United Nations period

- Wide-ranging coverage of the history and geography of regional and global conflicts

- The UN's role in regulating conflicts stemming specifically from decolonisation and its impact on the international state system

- Analysis of the post-cold war status of UN interventionism

Supported by an extensive set of explanatory keys, charts and photographs, "The United Nations, Peace Operations and the Cold War "will be a vital resource for students.

Norrie MacQueen is currently Senior Lecturer in Politics at the University of Dundee, and author of a range of books on the UN and peacekeeping including "Peacekeeping and the International System" (2006"), The United Nations: a Beginner's Guide" (2010), and "Humanitarian Intervention and the United Nations" (2011).