The Geography of Morals: Varieties of Moral Possibility

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en Limba Engleză Hardback – 24 Nov 2016
The Geography of Morals is a work of extraordinary ambition: an indictment of the parochialism of Western philosophy, a comprehensive dialogue between anthropology, empirical moral psychology, behavioral economics, and cross-cultural philosophy, and a deep exploration of the opportunities for
self, social, and political improvement provided by world philosophy.

We live in multicultural, cosmopolitan worlds. These worlds are distinctive moral ecologies in which people enact and embody different lived philosophies and conceive of mind, morals, and the meaning of life differently from the typical WEIRD -- Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic --
person. This is not a predicament; it is an opportunity. Many think that cross cultural understanding is useful for developing a modus vivendi where people from different worlds are not at each other's throats and tolerate each other. Flanagan presses the much more exciting possibility that
cross-cultural philosophy provides opportunities for exploring the varieties of moral possibility, learning from other traditions, and for self, social, and political improvement. There are ways of worldmaking in other living traditions -- Confucian, Daoist, Buddhist, Hindu, Jain, Muslim,
Amerindian, and African -- that citizens in Western countries can benefit from. Cross-cultural learning is protection against what Alasdair MacIntyre refers to as being imprisoned by one's upbringing.

Flanagan takes up perennial topics of whether there is anything to the idea of a common human nature, psychobiological sources of human morality, the nature of the self, the role of moral excellence in a good human life, and whether and how empirical inquiry into morality can contribute to normative
ethics. The Geography of Morals exemplifies how one can respectfully conceive of multiculturalism and global interaction as providing not only opportunities for business and commerce, but also opportunities for socio-moral and political improvement on all sides. This is a book that aims to change
how normative ethics and moral psychology are done.

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ISBN-13: 9780190212155
ISBN-10: 0190212152
Pagini: 376
Dimensiuni: 164 x 243 x 29 mm
Greutate: 0.64 kg
Editura: Oxford University Press
Colecția OUP USA
Locul publicării: New York, United States


Owen Flanagan presents a thorough and well-developed discussion on the subject of moral possibilities in a culturally diverse world.
The Geography of Morals is an excellent example of multidisciplinary, comparative, cross-cultural moral philosophy in action. I highly recommend it
the book does an excellent job of stretching the acknowledged possibility space of morality. Flanagan convincingly shows that we cannot responsibly conduct ethical inquiry in ignorance of cultural diversity.
In this extraordinary book, Owen Flanagan does it right. His exploration of our moral lives is informed by both a deep understanding of the science and a rich and critical engagement with philosophical traditions from around the world. Flanagan is lucid, insightful, brave, and often very funny. This is an exciting and transformative book, of great value to anyone interested in moral feelings and moral judgment.
In his readable tour de force the renowned philosopher Owen Flanagan draws our attention to the huge gaps in our understanding of morality in a diverse, interdependent and rapidly globalizing world. Drawing on both moral psychology and comparative moral philosophy allows Flanagan to point to the huge deficits in our public discourse and schooling in morality and ethics. Flanagan's elegant and inclusive intellectual toolkit, drawn from a diverse tableau of livedexperiences, enables us to retrieve lived worlds we had ignored as resources for our common good and will undoubtedly spark much needed debate.
Flanagan offers a compelling and richly textured account of what it means to take human moral diversity seriously. He shows that there is more than one way to lead a good human life and that, whatever the natural, cultural or historical sources of any particular 'way,' it is always possible to have morally enlightening conversations that transcend cultural boundaries. He also reminds us that the best moral inquiry will draw on a variety of sources, including theempirical sciences and the study of history and culture, as well as familiar and unfamiliar traditions of philosophical inquiry
The core thesis of this remarkable book is that in our capacities as moral agents, teachers, and thinkers we need to take equally seriously the diversity of moral thinking around the globe and the recent progress in modern moral psychology. Flanagan argues that cross-cultural philosophy and empirical psychology exhibit important areas of convergence, from which we should learn, and also support broad areas of continued difference, which we should celebrate.

Notă biografică

Owen Flanagan was born and raised in Westchester County, New York. He is the author of the classics Varieties of Moral Personality (1991) and Consciousness Reconsidered (1992). He lives in Durham, NC, where he is currently James B. Duke Professor of Philosophy and Co-director of the Center for Comparative Philosophy at Duke University.