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The Basics of FMEA

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en Limba Engleză Carte Paperback – 13 Oct 2008
Demonstrates How To Perform FMEAs Step-by-Step
Originally designed to address safety concerns, Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) is now used throughout the industry to prevent a wide range of process and product problems. Useful in both product design and manufacturing, FMEA can identify improvements early when product and process changes are relatively easy and inexpensive to make.
Updated to include changes reflected in ISO/TX-16949:2002 standards and 2008 AIAG guidelines, The Basics of FMEA, Second Edition continues to provide the expert advice needed to help shorten the learning curve for FMEA teams to conduct effective and efficient FMEAs, even if it is their very first one.
Includes Ready-to-Use Worksheet Templates
Using a manufacturing case study, readers learn step-by-step how to use FMEAs to assess, evaluate, and prioritize areas of risk, and then to implement the actions needed to reduce risks to an acceptable level. It shows the steps needed to ferret out potential problems and prevent making inferior products that could endanger public and worker safety and compromise profits as well as the future of all stakeholders.
Although engineers have typically analyzed processes and products for potential failures, the FMEA process standardizes the approach and establishes a common language that nontechnical as well as technical employees can use at all levels. Unlike other improvement tools, FMEA does not require complicated statistics. However, they require a full commitment to quality and a willingness to take a team approach that involves all stakeholders.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781563273773
ISBN-10: 1563273772
Pagini: 91
Ilustrații: 19 black & white illustrations
Dimensiuni: 152 x 221 x 15 mm
Greutate: 0.18 kg
Ediția: Revizuită
Editura: PRODUCTIVITY PR INC

Public țintă

Product developers and engineers in manufacturing, quality control and safety managers.

Cuprins

What Is an FMEA?
The History of FMEAs
What Is the Purpose of an FMEA?
Part of a Comprehensive Quality System=
FMEAs and Bottom-Line Results
ISO 9000, ISO/TS 16949, and FMEAs
The FMEA Process
Evaluating the Risk of Failure
Assessing the Risk Priority Number
The FMEA Team
FMEA Team Size
FMEA Team Membership
FMEA Team Leader
The Role of Process Expert
Training the FMEA Team
FMEA Boundaries of Freedom
FMEA Scope
FMEA Start-up Worksheet
Product/Design versus Process FMEAs
Product/Design
Process
Ten Steps for an FMEA
The FMEA Worksheet
Step 1: Review the Process
Step 2: Brainstorm Potential Failure Modes
Step 3: List Potential Effects for Each Failure Mode
Steps 4ߝ6: Assigning Severity, Occurrence, and Detection Rankings
Step 4: Assign a Severity Ranking for Each Effect
Step 5: Assign an Occurrence Ranking for Each Failure Mode
Step 6: Assign a Detection Ranking for Each Failure Mode
and/or Effect
Step 7: Calculate the Risk Priority Number for Each
Failure Mode
Step 8: Prioritize the Failure Modes for Action
Step 9: Take Action to Eliminate or Reduce the High-Risk
Failure Modes
Step 10: Calculate the Resulting RPN as the Failure Modes
Are Reduced
FMEA Case Study
Case Study Step 1: Review the Process
Case Study Step 2: Brainstorm Potential Failure Modes
Case Study Step 3: List Potential Effects of Each Failure Mode
Case Study Step 4: Assign a Severity Ranking for Each Effect
Case Study Step 5: Assign an Occurrence Ranking for Each
Failure Mode
Case Study Step 6: Assign a Detection Ranking for Each Failure
Mode and/or Effect
Case Study Step 7: Calculate the Risk Priority Number for Each
Failure Mode
Case Study Step 8: Prioritize the Failure Modes for Action
Case Study Step 9: Take Action to Eliminate or Reduce the
High-Risk Failure Modes
Case Study Step 10: Calculate the Resulting RPN as the Failure
Modes Are Reduced or Eliminated
When and Where to Use FMEAs
Safety
Accounting/Finance
Software Design
Information Systems/Technology
Marketing
Human Resources
Purchasing
Appendix 1 Creating a Process Flowchart
Appendix 2 Brainstorming
Brainstorming Rules
Appendix 3 Reaching Consensus on Severity, Occurrence, and
Detection Rankings
Team Voting
Get the Process Expert Involved
Defer to One of the Team Members
Rank Failures and Effects within a Ranking Category
Talking It Out
Use the Higher Ranking
Appendix 4 Examples of Custom Rankings Scales
Appendix 5 Process Improvement Techniques
Mistake-Proofing
Design of Experiments
Statistical Process Control
Team Problem Solving Using CI Tools
Appendix 6 ISO/TS 16949 Requirements Referencing FMEAs
FMEA Glossary of Terms