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The Amazing Journey of Reason: from DNA to Artificial Intelligence (SpringerBriefs in Computer Science)

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Notă GoodReads:
en Limba Engleză Carte Paperback – 12 Jan 2020
This Open Access book explores questions such as why and how did the first biological cells appear? And then complex organisms, brains, societies and –now– connected human societies? Physicists have good models for describing the evolution of the universe since the Big Bang, but can we apply the same concepts to the evolution of aggregated matter –living matter included? The Amazing Journey analyzes the latest results in chemistry, biology, neuroscience, anthropology and sociology under the light of the evolution of intelligence, seen as the ability of processing information. 
The main strength of this book is using just two concepts used in physics –information and energy– to explain: 
  • The emergence and evolution of life: procaryotes, eukaryotes and complex organisms
  • The emergence and evolution of the brain
  • The emergence and evolution of societies (human and not)
  • Possible evolution of our "internet society" and the role that Artificial Intelligence is playing
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9783030259617
ISBN-10: 3030259617
Dimensiuni: 155 x 235 mm
Greutate: 0.20 kg
Ediția: 1st ed. 2020
Editura: Springer
Colecția Springer
Seria SpringerBriefs in Computer Science

Locul publicării: Cham, Switzerland

Cuprins

Acknowledgments                                                                                                           
Skipping Math                                                                                                               
Chapter 1. Life, Energy and Information                                                                
What is Life?                                                                                                          
The Decay Towards Equilibrium                                                                             
Energy Extraction Requires Information                                                                 
Defining Information                                                                                               
Information Storage Requires Energy                                                              
Storing Information                                                                                                   
Chapter 2. From the Big Bang to living cells                                                            
Intelligent Systems                                                                                             
 Ex-nihilo Energy and Information                                                                          
 The Emergence of Complexity                                                                               
 Life without Selection                                                                                             
  The Startups of Life                                                                                        
 Amino Acids – the Entrepreneurs of Life                                                               
 The Secret of Life                                                                                                   
 Evolution through Learning                                                                                    
 Artificial Neural Networks and DNA                                                                       
Collaboration and Eukaryotes                                                                                
 The Importance of Scientific Revolutions                                                                   
Chapter 3. From Complex Organisms to Societies                                                     
Intelligence Needs Energy                                                                                      
Sleep, Death and Reproduction                                                                             
The Limits of Unicellular Organisms                                                                       
From Interaction to Cognitive Processes                                                                
Nervous System or the Forgotten Transition                                                         
First Brains and Shallow Neural Networks                                                             
Societies and Natural Selection                                                                             
Insects and Intelligent Societies                                                                               The Social Body                                                                                                        
Chapter 4. The Human Social Brains                                                                           
Why a more Powerful Brain?                                                                                  
The Primates' Brain                                                                                                
What Makes a Homo                                                                                              
The Anatomy of Language                                                                                     
Agriculture and Cognitive Social Networks                                                             
Empires and Networks                                                                                           
The Expensive-class Hypothesis                                                                               
Chapter 5. The Human Meta-organism                                                                     
The evolution of communication in Homo sapiens                                                 
More Communicans than Sapiens                                                                         
Communications Technologies and Topologies                                                     
Internet Companies                                                                                                
The Evolution of Artificial Intelligence                                                                        
Appendix 1. More on Networks and Information                                                     
Physicists don't like Networking                                                                              
Abby Normal Distributions                                                                                       Networks and Power                                                                                              
The Emergence of Small-world Networks                                                               
Entropy of Networks                                                                                                 Barabasi-Albert small-world networks                                                                       
Why Power Law Appears in Networks                                                                   
Code snippet: entropy of scale-free networks                                                         
Appendix 2. Math and real life                                                                             
Two scientists playing roulette                                                                           
Complexity in Numbers                                                                                           
Appendix 3. How Artificial Neural Networks Work                                                 
References                                                                                                                   
 
 

 

Textul de pe ultima copertă

This Open Access book explores questions such as why and how did the first biological cells appear? And then complex organisms, brains, societies and –now– connected human societies? Physicists have good models for describing the evolution of the universe since the Big Bang, but can we apply the same concepts to the evolution of aggregated matter –living matter included? The Amazing Journey analyzes the latest results in chemistry, biology, neuroscience, anthropology and sociology under the light of the evolution of intelligence, seen as the ability of processing information. 
The main strength of this book is using just two concepts used in physics –information and energy– to explain: 
  • The emergence and evolution of life: procaryotes, eukaryotes and complex organisms
  • The emergence and evolution of the brain
  • The emergence and evolution of societies (human and not)
  • Possible evolution of our "internet society" and the role that Artificial Intelligence is playing

Caracteristici

Features information on how data-driven societies will allow better quality of life

Offers strong, scientific arguments for considering the scientific method as a fundamental part of the educational curriculum

The sociological benefit. Ability to collaborate is Homo Sapiens/Communicans strongest asset.

Offers an argument against today's populist movements

Offers a powerful argument for the regulation of Internet companies

A wake up call to governments, particularly in the Old World, for a more scientific management of the res publica.