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Scenarios and Responses to Future Deep Oil Spills: Fighting the Next War

Editat de Steven A. Murawski, Cameron H. Ainsworth, Sherryl Gilbert, David J. Hollander, Claire B. Paris, Michael Schlüter, Dana L. Wetzel
Notă GoodReads:
en Limba Engleză Hardback – 02 Oct 2019
Research in a number of key areas including the behavior of oil and gas under extreme pressure, impacts on biological resources of the deep sea, and the fate of oil and gas released in spills is synthesized.
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ISBN-13: 9783030129620
ISBN-10: 3030129624
Pagini: 290
Dimensiuni: 155 x 235 mm
Greutate: 0.99 kg
Ediția: 1st ed. 2020
Editura: Springer
Colecția Springer
Locul publicării: Cham, Switzerland


Section 1. Ecosystem Modeling

Modeling the impacts of DWH and IXTOC‐I using Atlantis to understand cross‐trophic level
impacts. Understanding community change and effects of multiple simultaneous stressors including fishing and longer‐term climate variability.
Section 2. Future Scenarios
  In this section, a realistic suite of potential future deep spills, based on current and projected
regions of oil drilling, will be selected and analyzed. These scenarios will consist of
combinations of different locations (e.g., west, east and southern Gulf of Mexico), with differing
oil types and sub‐surface oceanography. A number of papers in this section will consider
differing physics and chemistry of the blowout, surface and sub‐surface distribution predictions
and degradation of oil, potentials for formation of oiled marine snow, and biological impacts.
Section 3. Evaluating Response Techniques for Future Spills
What scientific questions to responders need to have answered? How did various response
techniques (burning, booming, surface and sub‐surface dispersant application, sand berms,
freshwater flooding, direct surface and sub‐surface collection) work, and how can these
techniques be improved and optimized for systematic application? What would responders do
differently in future blowout scenarios? Can these studies add anything to the Net
Environmental Benefit Analysis performed by and necessary for the industry and response
Section 4. Summary
What we know now that we did not know then (e.g., DWH), what are the new paradigms, how
we might respond differently, unresolved and unanswered scientific questions, thoughts on
policy changes and appropriate regulatory requirements on the industry. “Lessons learned”
from previous deep spills and ensuing research.