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Rocket Propulsion Elements

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en Limba Engleză Carte Hardback – 07 Feb 2017
THE DEFINITIVE INTRODUCTION TO ROCKET PROPULSION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
The recent upsurge in global government and private spending and in space flight events has resulted in many novel applications of rocket propulsion technology. Rocket Propulsion Elements remains the definitive guide to the field, providing a comprehensive introduction to essential concepts and applications. Led by industry veteran George P. Sutton and by Professor Oscar Biblarz, this book provides interdisciplinary coverage including thermodynamics, aerodynamics, flight performance, propellant chemistry and more.
This thoroughly revised ninth edition includes discussion and analysis of recent advances in the field, representing an authoritative reference for students and working engineers alike. In any engineering field, theory is only as useful as it is practical; this book emphasizes relevant real–world applications of fundamental concepts to link "thinking" and "doing". This book will help readers:
  • Understand the physics of flight and the chemistry of propulsion
  • Analyze liquid, solid, gas, and hybrid propellants, and the engines they fuel
  • Consider high–temperature combustion, stability, and the principles of electric and chemical propulsion
  • Dissect the workings of systems in common use around the world today
  • Delve into the latest advances in materials, systems, propellants, and more
Broad in scope, rich in detail, and clear in explanation, this seminal work provides an unparalleled foundation in aerospace engineering topics. Learning through the lens of modern applications untangles complex topics and helps students fully grasp the intricacies on a more intuitive level. Rocket Propulsion Elements, Ninth Edition merges information and utility building a solid foundation for innovation.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781118753651
ISBN-10: 1118753658
Pagini: 792
Dimensiuni: 165 x 241 x 45 mm
Greutate: 1.00 kg
Ediția: 9th Edition
Editura: Wiley
Locul publicării: Hoboken, United States

Public țintă

Students in Mechanical or Aerospace engineering curriculums in upper level undergraduate of graduate level courses on propulsion. Engineers in aerospace or defense industries including military personnel throughout the world. Members of the AIAA, SAE, and IEEE.

Textul de pe ultima copertă

THE DEFINITIVE INTRODUCTION TO ROCKET PROPULSION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
The recent upsurge in global government and private spending and in space flight events has resulted in many novel applications of rocket propulsion technology. Rocket Propulsion Elements remains the definitive guide to the field, providing a comprehensive introduction to essential concepts and applications. Led by industry veteran George P. Sutton and by Professor Oscar Biblarz, this book provides interdisciplinary coverage including thermodynamics, aerodynamics, flight performance, propellant chemistry and more.
This thoroughly revised ninth edition includes discussion and analysis of recent advances in the field, representing an authoritative reference for students and working engineers alike. In any engineering field, theory is only as useful as it is practical; this book emphasizes relevant real–world applications of fundamental concepts to link "thinking" and "doing". This book will help readers:
  • Understand the physics of flight and the chemistry of propulsion
  • Analyze liquid, solid, gas, and hybrid propellants, and the engines they fuel
  • Consider high–temperature combustion, stability, and the principles of electric and chemical propulsion
  • Dissect the workings of systems in common use around the world today
  • Delve into the latest advances in materials, systems, propellants, and more
Broad in scope, rich in detail, and clear in explanation, this seminal work provides an unparalleled foundation in aerospace engineering topics. Learning through the lens of modern applications untangles complex topics and helps students fully grasp the intricacies on a more intuitive level. Rocket Propulsion Elements, Ninth Edition merges information and utility building a solid foundation for innovation.

Cuprins

PREFACE xvii
1 Classification 1
1.1. Duct Jet Propulsion / 2
1.2. Rocket Propulsion / 4
1.3. Applications of Rocket Propulsion / 14
References / 24
2 Definitions and Fundamentals 26
2.1. Definitions / 26
2.2. Thrust / 31
2.3. Exhaust Velocity / 33
2.4. Energy and Efficiencies / 35
2.5. Multiple Propulsion Systems / 38
2.6. Typical Performance Values / 39
2.7. Variable Thrust / 40
Symbols / 41
Greek Letters / 42
Problems / 42
References / 44
3 Nozzle Theory and Thermodynamic Relations 45
3.1. Ideal Rocket Propulsion Systems / 45
3.2. Summary of Thermodynamic Relations / 47
3.3. Isentropic Flow through Nozzles / 51
3.4. Nozzle Configurations / 73
3.5. Real Nozzles / 81
3.6. Nozzle Alignment / 91
4 Flight Performance 99
4.1. Gravity–Free Drag–Free Space Flight / 99
4.2. Forces Acting on a Vehicle in the Atmosphere / 104
4.3. Basic Relations of Motion / 106
4.4. Space Flight / 113
4.5. Space Flight Maneuvers / 127
4.6. Effect of Propulsion System on Vehicle Performance / 133
4.7. Flight Vehicles / 136
4.8. Military Missiles / 144
4.9. Flight Stability / 147
Problems / 150
References / 152
5 Chemical Rocket Propellant Performance Analysis 154
5.1. Background and Fundamentals / 156
5.2. Analysis of Chamber or Motor Case Conditions / 161
5.3. Analysis of Nozzle Expansion Processes / 166
5.4. Computer–Assisted Analysis / 171
5.5. Results of Thermochemical Calculations / 172
6 Liquid Propellant Rocket Engine Fundamentals 189
6.1. Types of Propellants / 192
6.2. Propellant Tanks / 196
6.3. Propellant Feed Systems / 203
6.4. Gas Pressure Feed Systems / 205
6.5. Tank Pressurization / 212
6.6. Turbopump Feed Systems and Engine Cycles / 217
6.7. Rocket Engines for Maneuvering, Orbit Adjustments, or Attitude Control / 229
6.8. Engine Families / 232
6.9. Valves and Pipelines / 233
6.10. Engine Support Structure / 239
Problems / 240
References / 242
7 Liquid Propellants 244
7.1. Propellant Properties / 245
7.2. Liquid Oxidizers / 255
7.3. Liquid Fuels / 259
7.4. Liquid Monopropellants / 264
7.5. Gaseous Propellants / 266
7.6. Safety and Environmental Concerns / 267
Problems / 268
References / 269
8 Thrust Chambers 271
8.1. Injectors / 276
8.2. Combustion Chamber and Nozzle / 285
8.3. Low–Thrust Rocket Thrust Chambers or Thrusters / 300
8.4. Materials and Fabrication / 304
8.5. Heat Transfer Analysis / 310
8.6. Starting and Ignition / 322
8.7. Useful Life of Thrust Chambers / 325
8.8. Random Variable Thrust / 326
8.9. Sample Thrust Chamber Design Analysis / 328
Problems / 339
References / 342
9 Liquid Propellant Combustion and Its Stability 344
9.1. Combustion Process / 344
9.2. Analysis and Simulation / 348
9.3. Combustion Instability / 349
Problems / 362
References / 362
10 Turbopumps and Their Gas Supplies 365
10.1. Introduction / 365
10.2. Descriptions of Several Turbopumps / 366
10.3. Selection of Turbopump Configuration / 371
10.4. Flow, Shaft Speeds, Power, and Pressure Balances / 376
10.5. Pumps / 378
10.6. Turbines / 387
10.7. Approach to Turbopump Preliminary Design / 390
10.8. Gas Generators and Preburners / 393
Problems / 396
References / 397
11 Engine Systems, Controls, and Integration 399
11.1. Propellant Budget / 399
11.2. Performance of Complete or Multiple Rocket Propulsion Systems / 401
11.3. Engine Design / 403
11.4. Engine Controls / 412
11.5. Engine System Calibration / 423
11.6. System Integration and Engine Optimization / 430
Problems / 432
References / 433
12 Solid Propellant Rocket Motor Fundamentals 434
12.1. Basic Relations and Propellant Burning Rate / 439
12.2. Other Performance Issues / 457
12.3. Propellant Grain and Grain Configuration / 462
12.4. Propellant Grain Stress and Strain / 472
12.5. Attitude Control and Side Maneuvers with Solid Propellant Rocket Motors / 483
Problems / 486
References / 488
13 Solid Propellants 491
13.1. Classification / 491
13.2. Propellant Characteristics / 497
13.3. Hazards / 505
13.4. Propellant Ingredients / 511
13.5. Other Propellant Categories / 522
13.6. Liners, Insulators, and Inhibitors / 525
13.7. Propellant Processing and Manufacture / 528
Problems / 531
References / 534
14 Solid Propellant Combustion and Its Stability 536
14.1. Physical and Chemical Processes / 536
14.2. Ignition Process / 540
14.3. Extinction or Thrust Termination / 541
14.4. Combustion Instability / 543
Problems / 552
References / 553
15 Solid Rocket Motor Components and Design 555
15.1. Rocket Motor Case / 555
15.2. Nozzles / 563
15.3. Igniter Hardware / 577
15.4. Rocket Motor Design Approach / 581
Problems / 589
References / 591
16 Hybrid Propellants Rocket Propulsion 593
16.1. Applications and Propellants / 594
16.2. Interior Hybrid Motor Ballistics / 599
16.3. Performance Analysis and Grain Configuration / 602
16.4. Design Example / 607
16.5. Combustion Instability / 611
Problems / 617
References / 618
17 Electric Propulsion 620
17.1. Ideal Flight Performance / 626
17.2. Electrothermal Thrusters / 631
17.3. Nonthermal Electrical Thrusters / 638
17.4. Optimum Flight Performance / 654
17.5. Mission Applications / 658
17.6. Electric Space–Power Supplies and Power–Conditioning Systems / 661
Problems / 666
References / 668
18 Thrust Vector Control 671
18.1. TVC Mechanisms with a Single Nozzle / 673
18.2. TVC with Multiple Thrust Chambers or Nozzles / 683
18.3. Testing / 686
18.4. Integration with Vehicle / 687
Problems / 688
References / 688
19 Selection of Rocket Propulsion Systems 690
19.1. Selection Process / 692
19.2. Criteria for Selection / 697
19.3. Interfaces / 699
19.4. Cost Reduction / 700
References / 702
20 Rocket Exhaust Plumes 703
20.1. Plume Appearance and Flow Behavior / 705
20.2. Plume Effects / 717
20.3. Analysis and Mathematical Simulation / 723
Problems / 724
References / 724
21 Rocket Testing 726
21.1. Types of Tests / 726
21.2. Test Facilities and Safeguards / 728
21.3. Instrumentation and Data Management / 735
21.4. Flight Testing / 739
21.5. Postaccident Procedures / 740
References / 741
Appendix 1 Conversion Factors and Constants 743
Conversion Factors (arranged alphabetically) / 743
Constants / 746
Appendix 2 Properties of the Earth s Standard Atmosphere 747
Appendix 3 Summary of Key equations for Ideal Chemical Rockets 749
Index 751

Notă biografică

GEORGE P. SUTTON is an acknowledged expert on rocket propulsion, and the former Executive Director of Engineering at Rocketdyne (now Aerojet Rocketdyne), and Laboratory Associate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
OSCAR BIBLARZ is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.