Psychological Science Under Scrutiny: Recent Challenges and Proposed Solutions

Editat de Scott O. Lilienfeld, Irwin D. Waldman
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Psychological Science Under Scrutiny explores a range of contemporary challenges to the assumptions and methodologies of psychology, in order to encourage debate and ground the discipline in solid science. 
  • Discusses the pointed challenges posed by critics to the field of psychological research, which have given pause to psychological researchers across a broad spectrum of sub–fields
  • Argues that those conducting psychological research need to fundamentally change the way they think about data and results, in order to ensure that psychology has a firm basis in empirical science
  • Places the recent challenges discussed into a broad historical and conceptual perspective, and considers their implications for the future of psychological methodology and research
  • Challenges discussed include confirmation bias, the effects of grant pressure, false–positive findings, overestimating the efficacy of medications, and high correlations in functional brain imaging
  • Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts in their fields, and are written with a minimum of specialized terminology to ensure accessibility to students and lay readers
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ISBN-13: 9781118661079
ISBN-10: 1118661079
Pagini: 400
Dimensiuni: 178 x 244 x 19 mm
Greutate: 0.61 kg
Editura: Wiley
Locul publicării: Hoboken, United States

Public țintă

Researchers, teachers, advanced undergraduates, and graduate students across all domains of psychology; those in allied fields of psychiatry, psychiatric nursing, counseling, and social work; investigators in sociology, anthropology, neuroscience, medicine, public health, and epidemiology

Textul de pe ultima copertă

In recent years, the prevailing view of psychology as a progressive science characterized by objective and replicable findings has been called into question, with some scholars arguing that the discipline s conclusions may be less trustworthy than had been presumed. Psychological Science Under Scrutiny explores a wide range of these contemporary challenges to psychology s assumptions and methodologies, and considers the advantages and disadvantages of various proposed remedies. In doing so, it aims to stimulate constructive debate around how the reliability of psychological research can be enhanced in order to ground the discipline more firmly in solid science. Challenges discussed include confirmation bias, the effects of grant pressure, false–positive findings, overestimating the efficacy of medications, and high correlations in functional brain imaging. The chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts, and written with a minimum of specialized terminology in order to ensure accessibility to students and lay readers. 


List of Contributors vii
Introduction: Psychological Science in Perspective x
Part I Cross Cutting Challenges to Psychological Science 1
1 Maximizing the Reproducibility of Your Research 3
Open Science Collaboration
2 Powering Reproducible Research 22
Katherine S. Button and Marcus R. Munafò
3 Psychological Science s Aversion to the Null, and Why Many of the Things You Think Are True, Aren t 34
Moritz Heene and Christopher J. Ferguson
4 False Negatives 53
Klaus Fiedler and Malte Schott
5 Toward Transparent Reporting of Psychological Science 73
Etienne P. LeBel and Leslie K. John
6 Decline Effects: Types, Mechanisms, and Personal Reflections 85
John Protzko and Jonathan W. Schooler
7 Reverse Inference 108
Joachim I. Krueger
8 The Need for Bayesian Hypothesis Testing in Psychological Science 123
Eric Jan Wagenmakers, Josine Verhagen, Alexander Ly, Dora Matzke, Helen Steingroever, Jeffrey N. Rouder, and Richard D. Morey
Part II Domain Specific Challenges to Psychological Science 139
9 The (Partial but) Real Crisis in Social Psychology: A Social Influence Analysis of the Causes and Solutions 141
Anthony R. Pratkanis
10 Popularity as a Poor Proxy for Utility: The Case of Implicit Prejudice 164
Gregory Mitchell and Philip E. Tetlock
11 Suspiciously High Correlations in Brain Imaging Research 196
Edward Vul and Harold Pashler
12 Critical Issues in Genetic Association Studies 221
Elizabeth Prom Wormley, Amy Adkins, Irwin D. Waldman, and Danielle Dick
13 Is the Efficacy of Antidepressant Medications Overrated? 250
Brett J. Deacon and Glen I. Spielmans
14 Pitfalls in Parapsychological Research 271
Ray Hyman
Part III Psychological and Institutional Obstacles to High Quality Psychological Science 295
15 Blind Analysis as a Correction for Confirmatory Bias in Physics and in Psychology 297
Robert J. MacCoun and Saul Perlmutter
16 Allegiance Effects in Clinical Psychology Research and Practice 323
Marcus T. Boccaccini, David Marcus, and Daniel C. Murrie
17 We Can Do Better than Fads 340
Robert J. Sternberg
Afterword: Crisis? What Crisis? 349
Paul Bloom
Index 356

Notă biografică

Scott O. Lilienfeld is Professor of Psychology at Emory University. His principal areas of research are personality disorders, psychiatric classification and diagnosis, pseudoscience in mental health, and the teaching of psychology. He is the author or co–author of numerous publications including 50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology (Wiley, 2009), and is co–editor of the Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology (Wiley, 2015). 
Irwin D. Waldman is Professor of Psychology at Emory University. His research centers on the classification, development, and etiology of children s psychiatric disorders and behavior problems, social behavior and social cognition, and temperament and personality. He is the author of numerous articles within leading journals in the field, and is an Associate Editor of the journal Behavioral Genetics