Nicolas Calas and the Challenge of Surrealism

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en Limba Engleză Carte Paperback – 09 Jan 2015
With ties to Greece, France, and the United States, Nicolas Calas was a truly international poet, critic, and polemicist writing at the height of surrealism. Emerging on the scene in a vital period of Greek literary history in the early 1930s, he would begin his career as an important but little-known forerunner to that country’s surrealism movement—and he would end it as an established poet and art critic in New York, known in the pages of the Village Voice, Art International, and Artforum, among others places. In this book, Lena Hoff offers the first intellectual biography of this important figure, one who embodied the restlessness that characterizes twentieth century arts and letters.

Calas was an early innovator in Greece, fusing avant-garde poetics with Trotskyism and Freudo-Marxist principles. However, growing weary of his isolation and the relatively modest support he found in his native country, he moved to Paris in the mid-1930s, where he quickly gained a seat in the surrealist circle surrounding André Breton. On the eve of World War II, he then became one of the first surrealists to settle in New York, helping pave the way for the likes of Breton, Max Ernst, and Yves Tanguy. The story of a highly enigmatic poet and intellectual who moved freely between surrealism, futurism, and satire—and who put forward challenging ideas in his essays, reviews, and translations—this book also sheds new light on many of the avant-garde’s most trenchant artistic advances.  
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ISBN-13: 9788763540681
ISBN-10: 8763540681
Pagini: 450
Ilustrații: 8 color plates, 23 halftones
Dimensiuni: 165 x 241 x 30 mm
Greutate: 0.97 kg
Editura: Museum Tusculanum Press
Colecția Museum Tusculanum Press

Notă biografică

Lena Hoff is an archivist of the Nicolas and Elena Calas Archive at the Danish Institute/Nordic Library at Athens. She is the editor of Nicolas Calas—Michalis Raptis. A Political Correspondence


Chapter One: M. Spieros and the Formulation of a New Cultural Politics of the Left
The Formative Years
Calas and Theotokas: Friends and Ideological Opponents
Towards a Definition of Proletarian Art
Literature and Revolution: The Influence of Trotsky
Freudo-Marxism and the Arts
Chapter Two: Nikitas Randos: Avant-Garde Poet and Translator
Challenging the Poetics of Greekness
Socialism and the Avant-Garde: Calas and Mayakovsky
The Beginning of a Surrealist Adventure
The Ideology of Translation
Chapter Three: The French Interlude
Foyers d’incendie and FIARI: Surrealism, Trotsky, Art and the Revolution
Foyers d’incendie: A Revolutionary Ethic of Desire
Foyers d’incendie: On Homosexual Fascism and Revolutionary Sadism
Confounding the Wise: The French Poems
Chapter Four: World War II and Surrealism
Nazism and the Hitler Myth
Definitions of Freedom and Responsibility
The New Prometheus
Towards a Third Surrealist Manifesto
Surrealism and a View through the Eyes of the Poet
Profanation: A Chess Game with André Breton
Chapter Five: The New Left and Art Criticism
Art Polemics and a Critique of a Cultural Phenomena
Anti-Art and Surrealism
Surrealism and the Making of History
Why Not Pop Art?
Chapter Six: Nikitas Randos Street: From New York to Athens and Back Again
The Wicked and the Profane: Satirical Poems
A Pyrotechnic of Multiple Puns: Decoding the Political Satires
A Poetry of Poetics in a Garden of Letters
Memory and Otherness: The Revelations of a Heretic and Prodigal Son
Conclusion: The Legacy of a Poet, Diagnostician and Polemicist
Appendix 1: The Storm at Dawn
Appendix 2: Notes on Fidelity
Appendix 3: Art at the Crossroads
Appendix 4: The Crisis in Art
Appendix 5: A Psychoanalyst’s Escape from Reality
Appendix 6: “Stop Chanting Your Dreams” (Letter to Franklin Rosemont’s Surrealist Group in Chicago)
Appendix 7: Burn Jerusalem!
Index of Greek Titles
General Index