Neuropsychological Assessments of Dementia in Down Syndrome and Intellectual DisabilitiesEditat de Vee P. Prasher
en Limba Engleză Carte Paperback – 29 Dec 2008
Up to the early 1980s neuropsychological assessments of persons with intellectual disability (ID) usually meant an assessment for developmental delay, of intelligence (intelligence quotient testing) or of level of adaptive behavior. Popular tests included the Stanford-Binet, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, Bayley Scales of Infant Development, the Griffin Mental Developmental Scales, and the Vineland Social Maturity Scale. These were assessments of the "overall" level of ability. Arthur Dalton in New York was one of a few pioneering clinicians who at this time, focused on the development of tests for specific areas of cognition in persons with ID. Following his work, sub- quent researchers, in the latter part of the twentieth century, have proposed and dev- oped a number of measures not only to detect the level of cognitive abilities but also to measure decline; a perquisite to the diagnosis of dementia. At the beginning of the twenty-first century as demonstrated in this book, several neuropsychological measures have been developed to aid the clinical diagnosis of dementia/dementia in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuropsychological assessments no longer remain the sole responsibility of psychologists, as psychiatrists, resear- ers, ID nurses, neuroscientists, all now play a part in the development and adm- istration of specific tests.
Overview of the neuropsychological assessment of dementia in intellectual disability.- Issues in Dementia Assessment Methods.- The Dementia Questionnaire for People with Intellectual Disabilities.- Dementia Scale for Down Syndrome.- The Dyspraxia Scale for adults with Down syndrome.- Adaptive Behavior Change and Dementia in Down Syndrome: Case Classification Using the Adaptive Behavior Scale.- The Cambridge Examination for Mental Disorders of Older People with Down’s Syndrome and Others with Intellectual Disabilities (CAMDEX-DS).- The Test for Severe Impairment.- The Cued Recall Test: Detection of Memory Impairment.- The Adaptive Behavior Dementia Questionnaire (ABDQ).- Strengths of Previous Work and Future Challenges.
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Up until the early 1980s there were a limited number of tests used for diagnosing dementia, and those existing were severely limited in terms of accurate detection, particularly in individuals with intellectual disabilities. The last 25 years however have seen several neurological measures being developed to aid in this diagnosis, with treatment further branching out to include psychologists, psychiatrists, specialised nurses and neuroscientists, as well as clinical practioners.
As such, this book contains a review of the most important neuropsychological measures currently used in the assessment of dementia by the principal clinicians and researchers associated with the tests. Clinicians and research workers, who have been at the forefront in developing the tests in question, provide clear practical guidance on the scope of each test, as well as an analysis of their accuracy and limitations. The international team of distinguished contributors have brought together a concise and practical guide to the multi-disciplinary work now encouraged to manage these disabilities; using their own personal experience, this title further analyses the effectiveness of the many popular treatment programs and approaches
The end result is a comprehensive and authoritative volume which provides an essential handbook reference for all those working in the field of dementia and intellectual disabilities.