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Millets and Sorghum: Biology and Genetic Improvement

Editat de Jagannath V. Patil
Notă GoodReads:
en Limba Engleză Carte Hardback – 10 Feb 2017
Millets and sorghum are smart nutri cereals cultivated in semi–arid and arid regions of the world. The ability of many of them to thrive in low–moisture situations present some exciting opportunities for further development to address the continuing and increasing impact of global temperature increase on the sustainability of the world′s food crops.
 
Millets and Sorghum: Biology and Genetic Improvement provides full and comprehensive coverage of these crucially important crops, their origin, taxonomy, morphology, genetic resources, reproductive biology, and breeding objectives through new and traditional methods. Chapters cover the following crops: sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, little millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet and teff millet. Further chapters include coverage of genetic improvement of individual crops, research that has been carried out to impart resistance against pests and diseases and the sustainable seed systems for dissemination of research products.
This book is an essential guide for scientists, agronomists, biotechnologists, students and researchers interested in basic and applied research directed to the genetic improvement of these smart crops.
About the Editor
J. V. Patil, Associate Dean, College of Agriculture, Pune, India
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781119123057
ISBN-10: 1119123054
Pagini: 504
Dimensiuni: 175 x 246 x 25 mm
Greutate: 1.09 kg
Editura: Wiley
Locul publicării: Chichester, United Kingdom

Public țintă

Plant scientists, crop scientists, agronomists, geneticists, biotechnologists, cell and molecular biologists, plant breeders, food scientists and food technologists.
As a reference for upper level and post graduate students in biological, food and agricultural sciences.
Libraries in all universities where agricultural, biological and life sciences are studied and taught.

Textul de pe ultima copertă

Millets and sorghum are smart nutri cereals cultivated in semi–arid and arid regions of the world. The ability of many of them to thrive in low–moisture situations present some exciting opportunities for further development to address the continuing and increasing impact of global temperature increase on the sustainability of the world′s food crops.
 
Millets and Sorghum: Biology and Genetic Improvement provides full and comprehensive coverage of these crucially important crops, their origin, taxonomy, morphology, genetic resources, reproductive biology, and breeding objectives through new and traditional methods. Chapters cover the following crops: sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, little millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet and teff millet. Further chapters include coverage of genetic improvement of individual crops, research that has been carried out to impart resistance against pests and diseases and the sustainable seed systems for dissemination of research products.
This book is an essential guide for scientists, agronomists, biotechnologists, students and researchers interested in basic and applied research directed to the genetic improvement of these smart crops.
About the Editor
J. V. Patil, Associate Dean, College of Agriculture, Pune, India

Cuprins

List of Contributors xvii Preface xix
Introduction: Millets The Miracle Grains xxi
C. Aruna Reddy
1 Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench 1
P. Sanjana Reddy
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Origin and Taxonomy 1
1.3 Germplasm Resources and Utilisation 2
1.4 Genetics and Cytogenetics 4
1.5 Reproductive Biology 5
1.6 Production Constraints 7
1.7 Breeding Objectives 7
1.8 Sorghum Improvement Across Diverse Parts of the World 24
1.9 Future Prospects 32
References 33
2 Pearl Millet, Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. 49
P. Sanjana Reddy
2.1 Introduction 49
2.2 Origin and Taxonomy 51
2.3 Genetic Resources 52
2.4 Genetics of Important Traits 55
2.5 Morphology and Reproductive Biology 58
2.6 Selfing and Crossing 59
2.7 Breeding Methods 60
2.8 Cultivar Development 62
2.9 CMS Systems in Pearl Millet 64
2.10 Production Constraints 65
2.11 Grain Quality 73
2.12 Alternate Uses of Pearl Millet 73
2.13 Future Research Thrust Areas 74
References 75
3 Improvement in Finger Millet: Status and Future Prospects 87
K.N. Ganapathy
3.1 Introduction 87
3.2 Area Production and Productivity 87
3.3 Origin and Domestication 88
3.4 Botanical Features and Breeding Behaviour 89
3.5 Emasculation and Pollination Techniques 90
3.6 Genetics of Traits 91
3.7 Gene Pool of Eleusine coracana 93
3.8 Germplasm and Genetic Diversity 94
3.9 Varietal Improvement in India 96
3.10 Varietal Development in Africa 98
3.11 Genetic Improvement for Blast Resistance 100
3.12 Development of Genetic Male Sterility 102
3.13 Mutation Breeding 103
3.14 Strategies to Bridge Research Gaps for Enhancing Productivity and Utilisation of Finger Millet 104
References 107
4 Foxtail Millet, Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. 112
K. Hariprasanna
4.1 Introduction 112
4.2 Origin and Taxonomy 116
4.3 Germplasm Resources and Utilisation 118
4.4 Genetics and Cytogenetics 122
4.5 Reproductive Biology 126
4.6 Breeding Objectives 128
4.7 Breeding Methods 129
4.8 Breeding Efforts in the United States 131
4.9 Breeding Efforts in China 132
4.10 Breeding Efforts in India 133
4.11 New Tools for Genetic Improvement 135
4.12 Future Prospects 140
References 140
5 Proso Millet, Panicum miliaceum (L.): Genetic Improvement and Research Needs 150
Sunil Shriram Gomashe
5.1 Introduction 150
5.2 Origin and Taxonomy 150
5.3 Botany and Reproductive Biology 151
5.4 Growth and Development 153
5.5 Cytogenetics 153
5.6 Genetic Resources and Utilisation 155
5.7 Genetic Improvement of Proso Millet: Achievements and Status 158
5.8 Breeding Objectives and Research Strategies 163
5.9 Future Prospects 166
References 166
6 Genetic Improvement in Little Millet 170
K.N. Ganapathy
6.1 Introduction 170
6.2 Floral Biology 171
6.3 Cytogenetics and Morphological Variation in the Genus 172
6.4 Improvement in Little Millet 173
6.5 Critical Research Gaps 181
6.6 Strategies for Genetic Improvement 181
References
182
7 Barnyard Millet: Present Status and Future Thrust Areas 184
Sunil Shriram Gomashe
7.1 Introduction 184
7.2 Nutritional Composition and Food Value 184
7.3 Origin and Taxonomy 185
7.4 Reproductive Biology 186
7.5 Cytogenetics 188
7.6 Genetic Resources and Utilisation 189
7.7 Breeding Objectives 191
7.8 Future Prospects 196
References 196
8 Kodo Millet, Paspalum scrobiculatum L. 199
K. Hariprasanna
8.1 Introduction 199
8.2 Origin and Taxonomy 201
8.3 Germplasm Resources and Utilisation 204
8.5 Genetics and Cytogenetics 206
8.6 Reproductive Biology 208
8.7 Breeding Objectives 211
8.8 Breeding Methods 212
8.9 New Tools for Genetic Improvement 215
8.10 Future Prospects 219
References 219
9 Tef, Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter 226
Kebebew Assefa, Solomon Chanyalew and Zerihun Tadele 9.1 Introduction 226
9.2 Origin and Taxonomy 227
9.3 Genetic Resources and Utilisation 232
9.4 Genetics and Cytogenetics 236
9.5 Reproductive Biology 240
9.6 Constraints in Tef Production 242
9.7 Genetic Improvement of Tef 245
9.8 Crop and Pest Management 256
9.9 Future Prospects 259
References 260
10 Insect Pests of Millets and Their Host Plant Relations 267
A. Kalaisekar and P.G. Padmaja
10.1 Insect Pests 267
10.2 Host–Plant Selection by Insect Pests 277
References 284
11 Millet Diseases: Current Status and Their Management 291
I.K. Das
11.1 Introduction 291
11.2 Sorghum Diseases 291
11.3 Pearl Millet Diseases 305
11.4 Small Millet Diseases 310
References 314
12 Nutritional Qualities & Value Addition of Millets 323
C.V. Ratnavathi
12.1 Introduction 323
12.2 Sorghum 324
12.3 Pearl Millet 326
12.4 Finger Millet 327
12.5 Other Millets 328
12.6 Health Benefits of Millets 336
12.7 Conclusion 337
References 337
13 Molecular Markers for the Genetic Improvement of Millets 341
P. Rajendrakumar
13.1 Introduction 341
13.2 Sorghum 342
13.3 Pearl Millet 354
13.4 Finger Millet 361
13.5 Foxtail Millet 364
13.6 Other Small Millets 369
13.7 Progress of Molecular Marker Research in Millets 372
13.8 Future Prospects 373
References 374
14 Strategies to Build Sustainable Millet Seed Systems 395
Vilas A. Tonapi and Ch. Ravinder Reddy
14.1 Introduction 395
14.2 Factors Leading to Sustainable Seed Security 397
14.3 Developing a Community–Based Millet Seed System 409
14.4 The Alternative Integrated Seed–System Model 415
14.5 Need for a Policy Framework to Build a Viable Local Seed System 421
14.6 Conclusion 428
References 429
Index 431