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Mechanism of Plant Hormone Signaling under Stress: 2 Volume Set

Editat de Girdhar K. Pandey
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en Limba Engleză Carte Hardback – 21 Apr 2017
Plant hormone signaling plays an important role in many physiological and developmental processes including stress response. With the advent of new post–genomic molecular techniques, the potential for increasing our understanding of the impact of hormone signaling on gene expression and adaptive processes has never been higher. Unlocking the molecular underpinnings of these processes shows great promise for the development of new plant biotechnologies and improved crop varieties.
The topics included in this book emphasize on genomics and functional genomics aspects, to understand the global and whole genome level changes upon particular stress conditions. With the functional genomics tools, the mechanism of phytohormone signaling and their target genes can be defined in a more systematic manner. The integrated analysis of phytohormone signaling under single or multiple stress conditions may prove exceptional to design stress tolerant crop plants in the field conditions.
Bringing together the latest advances, as well as the work being done to apply these findings to plant and crop science, Mechanism of Plant Hormone Signaling Under Stress will prove extremely useful to plant and stress biologists, plant biotechnology researchers, as well as students and teachers.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781118888926
ISBN-10: 1118888928
Pagini: 1104
Dimensiuni: 177 x 248 x 59 mm
Greutate: 2.52 kg
Ediția: 2 Volume Set
Editura: Wiley
Locul publicării: Hoboken, United States

Public țintă

Plant biologists, stress biologists, plant biotechnology researchers, plant physiologists, plant geneticists, plant breeders, crop science industry personnel

Textul de pe ultima copertă

Plant hormone signaling plays an important role in many physiological and developmental processes including stress response. With the advent of new post–genomic molecular techniques, the potential for increasing our understanding of the impact of hormone signaling on gene expression and adaptive processes has never been higher. Unlocking the molecular underpinnings of these processes shows great promise for the development of new plant biotechnologies and improved crop varieties.
The topics included in this book emphasize on genomics and functional genomics aspects, to understand the global and whole genome level changes upon particular stress conditions. With the functional genomics tools, the mechanism of phytohormone signaling and their target genes can be defined in a more systematic manner. The integrated analysis of phytohormone signaling under single or multiple stress conditions may prove exceptional to design stress tolerant crop plants in the field conditions.
Bringing together the latest advances, as well as the work being done to apply these findings to plant and crop science, Mechanism of Plant Hormone Signaling Under Stress will prove extremely useful to plant and stress biologists, plant biotechnology researchers, as well as students and teachers.

Cuprins

Volume I
Part I Action of Phytohormones in Stress 1
1 Auxin as a Mediator of Abiotic Stress Responses 3
Branka Salopek–Sondi, Iva Pavlovic, Ana Smolko, and Dunja amec ´
1.1 Introduction 3
1.2 Auxin: A Short Overview of Appearance, Metabolism, Transport, and Analytics 4
1.3 How Auxin Homeostasis Shifts with Diverse Abiotic Stresses 9
1.4 How Does Auxin Signaling Respond to Abiotic Stress? 13
1.5 Auxin and Redox State During Abiotic Stress 15
1.6 Auxin–Stress Hormones Crosstalk in Stress Conditions 18
1.7 Promiscuous Protein Players of Plant Adaptation: Biochemical and Structural Views 21
1.8 Conclusion 24
Acknowledgment 24
References 25
2 Mechanism of Auxin Mediated Stress Signaling in Plants 37
Lekshmy S, Krishna G.K., Jha S.K., and Sairam R.K.
2.1 Introduction 37
2.2 Auxin Biosynthesis, Homeostasis, and Signaling 37
2.3 Auxin Mediated Stress Responses in Model and Crop Plants 40
2.4 Regulation of Root System Architecture under Drought and Nutrient Stresses 41
2.5 Conclusions and Future Perspectives 45
References 46
3 Integrating the Knowledge of Auxin Homeostasis with Stress Tolerance in Plants 53
Shivani Saini, Isha Sharma, and Pratap Kumar Pati
3.1 Introduction 53
3.2 Auxin Biosynthesis and its Role in Plant Stress 53
3.3 Auxin Transport and its Role in Plant Stress 57
3.4 Auxin Signaling and its Role in Plant Stress 60
3.5 Auxin Conjugation and Degradation and its Role in Plant Stress 61
3.6 Conclusions 63
References 63
4 Cytokinin Signaling in Plant Response to Abiotic Stresses 71
Nguyen Binh Anh Thu, Xuan Lan Thi Hoang, Mai Thuy Truc, Saad Sulieman, Nguyen Phuong Thao, and Lam–Son Phan Tran
4.1 Introduction 71
4.2 CK Metabolism 72
4.3 The Components of the CK Signaling Pathway 77
4.4 CK Signaling in Plant Responses to the Abiotic Stresses 81
4.5 Genetic Engineering of CK Content for Improvement of Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses 82
4.6 Conclusions 88
Acknowledgments 88
References 88
5 Crosstalk Between Gibberellins and Abiotic Stress Tolerance Machinery in Plants 101
Ashutosh Sharan, Jeremy Dkhar, Sneh Lata Singla–Pareek, and Ashwani Pareek
5.1 Introduction 101
5.2 Gibberellins: Biosynthesis, Transport, and Signaling 102
5.3 GA Metabolism and Signaling During Abiotic Stress 106
5.4 Crosstalk between GA and Other Plant Hormones in Response to Abiotic Stresses 114
5.5 Applications in Crop Improvement 117
5.6 Conclusion 118
Acknowledgment 119
References 119
6 The Crosstalk of GA and JA: A Fine–Tuning of the Balance of Plant Growth, Development, and Defense 127
Yuge Li and Xingliang Hou
6.1 Introduction 127
6.2 GA Pathway in Plants 128
6.3 JA Pathway in Plants 129
6.4 GA Antagonizes JA–Mediated Defense 131
6.5 JA Inhibits GA–Mediated Growth 133
6.6 GA and JA Synergistically Mediate Plant Development 134
6.7 Conclusions 136
Acknowledgments 136
References 136
7 Jasmonate Signaling and Stress Management in Plants 143
Sirhindi Geetika, Mushtaq Ruqia, Sharma Poonam, Kaur Harpreet, and Ahmad Mir Mudaser
7.1 Introduction 143
7.2 JA Biosynthesis and Metabolic Fate 144
7.3 JA Signaling Network 146
7.4 Physiological Role of JAs 151
7.5 JA Regulated Stress Responses 156
7.6 Conclusion 159
References 159
8 Mechanism of ABA Signaling in Response to Abiotic Stress in Plants 173
Ankush Ashok Saddhe, Kundan Kumar, and Padmanabh Dwivedi
8.1 Introduction 173
8.2 Signal Perception and ABA Receptors 175
8.3 Negative Regulators of ABA Signaling: Protein Phosphatase 2C (PP2C) 178
8.4 Positive Regulators of ABA Signaling: SnRK2 179
8.5 ABA Signaling Regulating Transcription Factor 181
8.6 Crosstalk Between Various ABA Responsive Pathways in Abiotic Stress 186
8.7 Summary and Future Prospects 187
Acknowledgments 188
Abbreviations 188
References 188
9 Abscisic Acid Signaling and Involvement of Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases and Calcium–Dependent Protein Kinases During Plant Abiotic Stress 197
Aryadeep Roychoudhury and Aditya Banerjee
9.1 Introduction 197
9.2 ABA Signaling in Plants 198
9.3 The Signalosome and Signaling Responses Mediated by ABA: Structural Alterations in ABA by PYR/PYL/RCAR 207
9.4 Structural Alterations During PP2C Inhibition by ABA 208
9.5 The abi1–1 Mutation Mystery Solved 208
9.6 Basic Leucine Zipper (bZIP) TFs in ABA Signaling 209
9.7 Mitogen–Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) Cascades and Regulation of Downstream Signaling 210
9.8 Calcium Dependent Protein Kinases (CDPKs) 219
9.9 MAPK–CDPK Crosstalk 225
9.10 Conclusion and Future Perspectives 226
Acknowledgments 227
References 227
10 Abscisic Acid Activates Pathogenesis–Related Defense Gene Signaling in Lentils 243
Rebecca Ford, David Tan, Niloofar Vaghefi, and Barkat Mustafa
10.1 Plant Host Defense Mechanisms 243
10.2 Phytoalexins and Pathogenesis–Related (PR) Proteins 247
10.3 The Role of Plant Hormones in Pathogen Defense 247
10.4 The Lentil Ascochyta lentis Pathosystem 251
10.5 Key Defense–Related Genes Involved in Ascochyta lentis Defense 252
10.6 The Effect of Exogenous Hormone Treatment on PR4 and PR10 Transcription in Lentils 253
10.7 Conclusions 259
References 261
11 Signaling and Modulation of Non–Coding RNAs in plants by Abscisic Acid (ABA) 271
Raj Kumar Joshi, Swati Megha, Urmila Basu, and Nat N.V. Kav
11.1 Introduction 271
11.2 Biogenesis of Non–Coding RNAs in Plants 273
11.3 Mode of Action of ncRNAs in Plants 274
11.4 ABA Signaling in Plants 276
11.5 Non–Coding RNAs and ABA Response 280
11.6 Conclusion and Future Prospects 285
References 286
12 Ethylene and Stress Mediated Signaling in Plants: A Molecular Perspective 295
Priyanka Agarwal, Gitanjali Jiwani, Ashima Khurana, Pankaj Gupta, and Rahul Kumar
12.1 Introduction 295
12.2 Types of Stress 295
12.3 Overview of Stress Signaling 298
12.4 Conclusion 316
Acknowledgment 316
References 317
13 Regulatory Function of Ethylene in Plant Responses to Drought, Cold, and Salt Stresses 327
Haixia Pei, Honglin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Fangfang Zheng, and Chun–Hai Dong
13.1 Functional Roles of Ethylene in Plant Drought Tolerance 328
13.2 Ethylene Signaling in Plant Cold Tolerance 330
13.3 Ethylene Signaling and Response to Salt Stress 333
13.4 Conclusion 336
References 337
14 Plant Nitric Oxide Signaling Under Environmental Stresses 345
Ione Salgado, Halley Caixeta Oliveira, and Marília Gaspar
14.1 Introduction 345
14.2 Mechanisms of NO Action in Plants 346
14.3 The Control of NO Homeostasis in Plants 348
14.4 NO and the Response to Abiotic Stresses 351
14.5 Conclusions and Future Prospects 358
References 360
15 Cell Mechanisms of Nitric Oxide Signaling in Plants Under Abiotic Stress Conditions 371
Yuliya A. Krasylenko, Alla I. Yemets, and Yaroslav B. Blume
15.1 Introduction 371
15.2 Duality of RNS: Key Secondary Messengers in Plant Cells versus Nitrosative Stress Agents 373
15.3 Tyrosine Nitration as a Hallmark of Nitrosative Stress and Regulatory Post–Translational Modification 376
15.4 NO and Environmental Abiotic Challenges 380
15.5 Conclusions and Future Perspectives 388
Acknowledgments 389
References 389
16 S–Nitrosylation in Abiotic Stress in Plants and Nitric Oxide Interaction with Plant Hormones 399
Ankita Sehrawat and Renu Deswal
16.1 Introduction 399
16.2 S–Nitrosylation in Abiotic Stress 400
16.3 Nitric Oxide and Plant Hormone Interaction 407
16.4 Conclusions and Future Areas of Research 409
References 409
17 Salicylic Acid Signaling and its Role in Responses to Stresses in Plants 413
Pingzhi Zhao, Gui–Hua Lu, and Yong–Hua Yang
17.1 Introduction 413
17.2 Salicylic Acid Biosynthesis and Metabolism in Plants 414
17.3 Salicylic Acid: A Central Molecule in Plant Responses to Stress 417
17.4 Salicylic Acid in Relation to Other Phytohormones in Response to Plant Stress Status 427
17.5 Conclusion 429
References 429
18 Glucose and Brassinosteroid Signaling Network in Controlling Plant Growth and Development Under Different Environmental Conditions 443
Manjul Singh, Aditi Gupta, and Ashverya Laxmi
18.1 Introduction 443
18.2 Glucose Homeostasis and Signaling in Plants 444
18.3 Brassinosteroid Biosynthesis and Signaling 447
18.4 Role of Glc in Plant Adaptation to Changing Environmental Conditions 452
18.5 Role of BR in Plant Adaptation to Changing Environmental Conditions 454
18.6 Glc–BR Crosstalk and its Adaptive Significance in Plant Development 458
18.7 Conclusion and Future Perspective 459
References 459
Index 471
Volume II
Part II Interaction of Other Components with Phytohormones 1
1 Interaction between Hormone and Redox Signaling in Plants: Divergent Pathways and Convergent Roles 3
Srivastava AK, Redij T, Sharma B, and Suprasanna P
1.1 Introduction 3
1.2 Redox–Hormone Crosstalk in Plants 4
1.3 Auxin 4
1.4 Abscisic Acid 9
1.5 Ethylene 11
1.6 Jasmonic Acid 11
1.7 Salicylic Acid 12
1.8 Brassinosteroids 14
1.9 Conclusion and Future Perspectives 15
References 15
2 Redox Regulatory Networks in Response to Biotic Stress in Plants: A New Insight Through Chickpea–Fusarium Interplay 23
Anirban Bhar, Sumanti Gupta, Moniya Chatterjee, and Sampa Das
2.1 Introduction 23
2.2 Production and Scavenging of ROS: The Balance versus Perturbations 24
2.3 Role of ROS in Plants: Ease and Disease 28
2.4 Reactive Oxygen Species Networks in Plants 28
2.5 ROS Signaling in Chickpea–Fusarium Interplay 34
2.6 Concluding Remarks 36
Acknowledgments 37
References 37
3 Ca2+, The Miracle Molecule in Plant Hormone Signaling During Abiotic Stress 45
Swatismita Dhar Ray
3.1 Introduction 45
3.2 Intricacies of Hormonal Signaling in Abiotic Stress 46
3.3 Ca2+ Regulated Hormonal Signaling 50
3.4 Calreticulin (CRT) 67
3.5 Conclusion 67
Acknowledgment 68
Abbreviations 68
References 69
4 Phosphoglycerolipid Signaling in Response to Hormones Under Stress 91
Igor Pokotylo, Martin Janda, Tetiana Kalachova, Alain Zachowski, and Eric Ruelland
4.1 Main Players in Phosphoglycerolipid Signaling Machinery 91
4.2 Lipid Signaling, An Important Component of Plant Stress Responses 97
4.3 Involvement of Phosphoglycerolipids in Phytohormone Signaling 104
4.4 Stresses Can Affect Responses to Hormones by Altering Phosphoglycerolipid Machinery 111
4.5 Conclusion 113
Acknowledgments 113
References 113
5 The Role of the Plant Cytoskeleton in Phytohormone Signaling under Abiotic and Biotic Stresses 127
Yaroslav B. Blume, Yuliya A. Krasylenko, and Alla I. Yemets
5.1 Introduction 127
5.2 Phytohormone–Mediated Perception of Abiotic Factors via the Cytoskeleton 131
5.3 Cytoskeleton Regulation in Plant Interactions with Pathogens/Symbionts: Jasmonic and Salicylic Acids, and Strigolactones 162
5.4 Conclusions and Future Perspectives 169
Acknowledgments 169
Abbreviations 169
References 170
6 Proteins in Phytohormone Signaling Pathways for Abiotic Stress in Plants 187
Sasikiran Reddy Sangireddy, Zhujia Ye, Sarabjit Bhatti, Xiao Bo Pei, Muhammad Younas Khan Barozai, Theodore Thannhauser, and Suping Zhou
6.1 Introduction 187
6.2 Metabolic Pathways of Phytohormones and Stress–Induced Protein Expression Affecting their Biosynthesis Process 187
6.3 Proteins for Intra– and Inter–Cellular Transport of Phytohormones 190
6.4 Hormone Signaling Systems, Hormone Crosstalk, and Stress Responses 191
6.5 The Application of Proteomics in the Identification of Hormone Signaling Pathways 193
6.6 Conclusion and Prospective 194
References 194
7 Perturbation and Disruption of Plant Hormone Signaling by Organic Xenobiotic Pollution 199
Anne–Antonella Serra, Diana Alberto, Fanny Ramel, Gwenola Gouesbet, Cécile Sulmon, and Ivan Couée
7.1 Introduction 199
7.2 Plant–Hormone–Interfering Naturally–Occurring Organic Compounds Play Important Roles in the Chemical Ecology of Plants 204
7.3 Transcriptome Profiling Reveals the Wide–Ranging Molecular Effects of Plant–Organic Xenobiotic Interactions 205
7.4 The Wide–Ranging Molecular Effects of Plant–Organic Xenobiotic Interactions Emphasize the Involvement of Regulatory Processes 206
7.5 Specifically Designed Organic Xenobiotics Directly Interact with Plant Hormone Systems 209
7.6 Organic Xenobiotics Can Cause Biological Effects that Interfere with Plant Hormone Dynamics and Signaling 210
7.7 The Diversity of Organic Xenobiotic Occurrences in Environmental Pollutions Can Induce Plant Hormone Perturbations in Non–Target Plant Communities 212
7.8 Conclusions and Perspectives 214
Acknowledgments 214
Abbreviations 214
References 214
8 Plant Hormone Signaling Mediates Plant Growth Plasticity in Response to Metal Stress 223
Xiangpei Kong, Huiyu Tian, and Zhaojun Ding
8.1 Introduction 223
8.2 Cadmium (Cd) 224
8.3 Aluminum (Al) 226
8.4 Other Metals 228
Acknowledgments 229
References 229
Part III Transcriptional Regulators of Phytohormones 237
9 Transcription Factors and Hormone–Mediated Mechanisms Regulate Stomata Development and Responses Under Abiotic Stresses: An Overview 239
Marco Landi, Alice Basile, Marco Fambrini, and Claudio Pugliesi
9.1 Introduction 239
9.2 Stomata Development 240
9.3 Stomatal Response to Drought/Salinity and Waterlogging/Anoxia Constraints 253
9.3.1 Root–to–Shoot Communication 253
9.4 Conclusions and Perspectives 262
Acknowledgments 264
References 264
10 Convergence of Stress–Induced Hormone Signaling Pathways on a Transcriptional Co–Factor 285
Nidhi Dwivedi, Vinay Kumar, and Jitendra K. Thakur
10.1 Introduction 285
10.2 Mediator Complex 286
10.3 Role of Mediator in Transcription 289
10.4 Flexibility of Mediator 290
10.5 Phytohormone Signaling Under Stress 291
10.6 Effect of Hormone and Stress on the Expression of Mediator Subunit Genes 293
10.7 Involvement of Specific Mediator Subunits in Hormone Signaling and Stress Response 295
10.8 Convergence of Signaling Pathways on the Mediator Complex 303
10.9 Conclusion 304
Acknowledgment 305
References 305
11 Micro–Regulators of Hormones and Stress 319
Neha Sharma, Deepti Mittal, and Neeti–Sanan Mishra
11.1 Introduction 319
11.2 Plant microRNAs 320
11.3 Role of miRs in Hormone Signaling 325
11.4 miR Mediated Regulation of Abiotic Stress 332
11.5 Conclusions and Perspectives 335
References 336
Part IV Involvement of Multiple Phytohormones in Stress Responses 353
12 Signal Transduction Components in Guard Cells During Stomatal Closure by Plant Hormones and Microbial Elicitors 355
Srinivas Agurla, Gunja Gayatri, and Agepati S. Raghavendra
12.1 Introduction 355
12.2 Compounds or Signals that Regulate Stomatal Function 356
12.3 Guard Cell Turgor and Stomatal Closure: Ion Fluxes as the Basis 360
12.4 Experimental Approaches to Studying Signaling Components 360
12.5 Sensing Systems in Guard Cells 361
12.6 Signaling Components in Guard Cells 363
12.7 Validation with Arabidopsis Mutants 372
12.8 Concluding Remarks 374
Acknowledgments 375
References 375
13 Plants Defense and Survival Strategies versus Pathogens Anti–Defense and Infection Capabilities: The Hormone–Based Mechanisms 389
Pranav Pankaj Sahu, Namisha Sharma, and Manoj Prasad
13.1 Introduction 389
13.2 Modulation of Hormone Signaling Networks by Pathogens for Virulence 390
13.3 Alteration of the Hormone Signaling Network by Plants for Disease Resistance 400
13.4 Conclusions and Future Perspectives 405
Acknowledgment 405
References 405
14 Exploring Crossroads Between Seed Development and Stress Response 415
Sushma Naithani, Hiro Nonogaki, and Pankaj Jaiswal
14.1 Introduction 415
14.2 Genes, Proteins, and Pathways Involved in Seed Development 419
14.3 Genes at the Intersection of Seed Development and Stress Response 424
14.4 Exploring Bioinformatics Resources 425
14.5 Insights and Future Prospects 441
Acknowledgments 444
References 444
15 Role of Multiple Phytohormones in Regulating Stress Responses in Plants 455
Diwaker Tripathi, Bal Krishna Chand Thakuri, and Dhirendra Kumar
15.1 Introduction 455
15.2 Biotic Stress 456
15.3 Role of Hormones in Abiotic Stress 461
15.4 Interaction of SA with other Stress Hormones 466
15.5 SA/ABA Antagonism 467
15.6 Future Perspective and Challenges 467
Acknowledgments 468
References 468
16 Phytohormones and Drought Stress: Plant Responses to Transcriptional Regulation 477
Neha Pandey, Zahra Iqbal, Bhoopendra K. Pandey, and Samir V. Sawant
16.1 Introduction 477
16.2 Phytohormones: Role in Plant Growth and Development 479
16.3 Plant Hormonal Response to Stress Conditions 481
16.4 Hormonal Mediated Transcriptional Response to Stress Conditions 488
16.5 Phytohormone Mediated Signaling Response Under Stress Conditions 490
16.6 Significance of Phytohormones in Plant Genetic Engineering 493
16.7 Conclusion 493
References 493
17 Mechanisms of Hormone Signaling in Plants Under Abiotic and Biotic Stresses 505
Jogeswar Panigrahi, and Gyana Ranjan Rout
17.1 Introduction 505
17.2 Role of Hormones in Plant Growth and Development 506
17.3 Common Tenets in Hormone Signaling in Plants Under Abiotic and Biotic Stress 507
17.4 Role of ROS in Hormone Signaling Pathways 509
17.5 Role of MAPK in Hormone Signaling Pathways 511
17.6 Role of Jasmonic Acid and Cytokinin on Hormone Signaling Pathways 515
17.7 Role of Brassinosteroids on Hormone Signaling Pathways 516
17.8 The Crosstalk of Hormones and Hormone–Like Substances in Plants under Abiotic and Biotic Stress Responses 518
17.9 Conclusion 520
References 521
18 Transgenic Approaches to Improve Crop Productivity via Phytohormonal Research: A Focus on the Mechanisms of Phytohormone Action 533
Brijesh Gupta, Rohit Joshi, Ashwani Pareek, and Sneh L. Singla–Pareek
18.1 Introduction 533
18.2 Phytohormones and Crop Yield: Approaches and Vision for Genetic Improvement 535
18.3 Manipulation of Phytohormone Levels in Transgenic Plants to Improve Crop Productivity 541
18.4 Phytohormonal Crosstalks to Enhance Crop Productivity 550
18.5 Conclusion and Future Directions 552
Acknowledgments 553
References 554
Index 569

Notă biografică

About the Editor
Girdhar K. Pandey, Professor, Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi, India