J. F. Lyotard (SAGE Masters in Modern Social Thought series)

Editat de Derek Robbins
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en Limba Engleză Carte Hardback – 07 Apr 2004
The association between Lyotard and postmodernism is so strong that it threatens to eclipse his seminal contributions to aesthetics, politics, education, religion and phenomenology. The Postmodern Condition was widely acclaimed as the bible of postmodernism and Lyotard was unwillingly elevated by his readers to a position of almost papal authority. Yet the twenty seven books published in his lifetime, to say nothing of the lectures, articles and other interventions, reveal a complex, multi-dimensional thinker who cannot be confined by the label 'postmodernist'.
Profoundly influenced by the inhumanity of the second world war, Lyotard began his career in Algeria where he fell under the influence of this historian, Pierre Sourys who introduced him to the Socialisme ou Barbarie group which included Cornelius Catroiadis, Claude Lefort and Jean Laplanche. With roots in Trotskyism, this group embarked on a
critique of the Soviet command state and, through this, of the general validity of Marxist explanation. Lyotard's sojourn in Algeria also refined his hostility to colonialism and the myth of Western superiority. It is from this moment that the beginnings of Lyotard's disillusionment with 'grand narratives' can be traced.
Lyotard broke with Socisalime ou Barbarie in 1963. However, his experiences clearly predisposed him to join the Mouvement du 22 mars in 1968 and influenced his turbulent relations with the Universisty of Nanterre concerning questions of the curriculum and student rights. Later he became a noted supporter of the various critical minority movements that developed in the wake of 'the events' of 1968.
This collection, edited by a noted expert on French social and cultural theory, reveals Lyotard's questing and clear eyed critical intelligence in all of its profound cogency. The characteristic themes of the heterogeneity of language, the tyranny of imposed authority, the future of democracy, the contradictions of justice and the virtues of the post-modern imagination which re-radicalized a generation in the 1980s and '90s are all thoroughly explored here. Lyotard's relation to Kant, Marx and a range of contemporary thinkers including Adorno. Said, Kuhn, Habermas, Foucault and Derrida is elucidated with great clarity. What emerges most forcefully is Lyotard's extraordinary generosity of thought. His approach enjoined a responsibility to scrutinize any context in which power is exercised in the name of an organization or an ideal. Lyotard redefined the meaning of intellectual dissent and in doing so, suggested an important range of political and cultural responsibilities in the postmodern world.
This collection, prepared five years after the death of its subject, allows readers to make sense of this major thinker, especially in the light of critical reassessments of his life and work.
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ISBN-13: 9780761949282
ISBN-10: 0761949283
Pagini: 1272
Dimensiuni: 156 x 234 x 84 mm
Greutate: 0.00 kg
Ediția: Three-Volume Set
Editura: SAGE Publications
Colecția Sage Publications Ltd
Seria SAGE Masters in Modern Social Thought series

Locul publicării: London, United Kingdom


Editor's Introduction
From Postwar to Postmodern - Lyotard's 'Interregnum' and After
Section One: Biography and Context
Born in 1925 - Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard
The New Philosopher - Edouard Morot-Sir
Language, Literature, Deconstruction and Politics - Keith Reader
Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Julian Pefanis
Ecriture juda[um]ique - Susan E Shapiro
Where Are the Jews in Western Discourse?
Section Two: 'Taking Stock'
Introduction to Lyotard - Robert Hurley
In the Wake of Structuralism - Bertrand Poirot-Delpech
French Philosophy's New Wave
The End of Time - Vincent Descombes
Desire in Art and Politics - Maureen Turim
The Theories of Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard
Introduction to <i>Introducing Lyotard - Bill Readings
Corporality, Ethics, Experimentation - Cecile Lindsay
Lyotard in the Eighties
Section Three: Dialogues/Debates/Interviews
Postmodernity and the Politics of Multiculturalism - Mark Poster
The Lyotard-Habermas Debate over Social Theory
Le Cosmopolitisme sans [ac]emancipation - Richard Rorty
En r[ac]eponse [gr]a Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard
Habermas and Lyotard on Postmodernity - Richard Rorty
Foreword to The Postmodern Condition - Fredric Jameson
Epistemologies of Postmodernism - Seyla Benhabib
A Rejoinder to Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard
Interview with Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard interviewed by George Van Den Abbeele
Section Four: Comparisons
Power and Subjectivity in Foucault - Peter Dews
J[um]urgen Habermas and Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Stephen Watson
Postmodernism and the Crisis of Rationality
Judgment and Justice under Postmodern Conditions - Charles Altieri
Or, How Lyotard Helps Us Read Rawls as a Postmodern Thinker
Divergences - Peter Nicholls
Modernism, Postmodernism, Jameson and Lyotard
Democracy and Difference - Seyla Benhabib
Reflections on the Metapolitics of Lyotard and Derrida
Section One: The Phenomenon of 'Postmodernism'
From Counter-Culture to Neo-Conservatism and beyond - Andreas Huyssen
Stages of the Postmodern
Postmodernism or Post-Colonialism Today - Simon During
Beginning to Theorize Postmodernism - Linda Hutcheon
Postmodern Italy - Stefano Rosso
Notes on the 'Crisis of Reason', 'Weak Thought' and 'The Name of the Rose'
On the Critical 'Post' - Richard Beardsworth
Lyotard's Agitated Judgement
Retrieving Truth - Jeff Malpas
Modernism, Postmodernism and the Problem of Truth
Liberty and Discipline - Peter Wagner
Making Sense of Postmodernity, or, Once Again, toward a Sociohistorical Understanding of Modernity
Section Two: Politics
Kant the Liberal, Kant the Anarchist - Todd G May
Rawls and Lyotard on Kantian Justice
The Postmodern Challenge to Community - Koula Mellos
The Other of Justice - Axel Honneth
Habermas and the Ethical Challenge of Postmodernism
The Politics of Nonidentity - Fred Dallmayr
Adorno, Postmodernism - and Edward Said
Section Three: Aesthetics
The Postmodern Museum - John Rajchman
Narrative and Postmodernity in France - A Kibedi Varga
La Pulsion de voir</i> - Rosalind Krauss
Breaking Rules, Making History - Abigail Lee Six
A Postmodern Reading of Historiography in Juan Goytisolo's Fiction
The Postmodern Imagination: Lyotard - Richard Kearney
Writing without Representation, and Unreadable Notation - Jean-Charles Fran[ce]cois
Media Images and the Social Construction of Reality - William A Gamson et al
Digital Songs - Jannis Kallinikos
Aspects of Contemporary Work and Life
Film and the New Psychology - Paisley Livingston
A Discourse (with Shape of Reason Missing) - John Tagg
Absolute Television - Jon Wagner
Immemorial Visibilities - L Barth
Seeing the City's Difference
Section Four: Philosophy
Lyotard's 'Kantian Socialism' - Kevin Paul Geiman
Lyotard's Neo-Sophistic Philosophy of Phrases - Eric White
Section Five: Philosophy of Science
Being There with Thomas Kuhn - Steve Fuller
A Parable for Postmodern Times
Section Six: Education
Techno-Science, Rationality and the University - Michael Peters
Lyotard on the 'Postmodern Condition'
Postmodernism and Higher Education - Harland G Bloland
Section Seven: Religion
Christ in the Postmodern Age - William A Beardslee
Reflections Inspired by Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard
Liberation Theology as Critical Theory - Joy Gordon
The Notion of the 'Privileged Perspective'
Section Eight: Gender and Sexuality
Social Criticism without Philosophy - Nancy Fraser and Linda Nicholson
An Encounter between Feminism and Postmodernism
Lesbians and Lyotard - Judith Roof
Legitimation and the Politics of the Name
Section Nine: Race
Postmodern Racism - Vijay Mishra
The 'Jew' as 'Postmodern' - Raphael Sassower
A Personal Report
Section Ten: Psychology and the Body
Rephrasing the Freudian Unconscious - Anne Tomiche
Lyotard's Affect-Phrase
The Application of Postmodern Thought to the Clinical Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy - Richard D Chessick
Section Eleven: Sociology
Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Mark Erickson
Narrating Postmodernity
Trusting the Tale - Martin Kreiswirth
The Narrativist Turn in the Human Sciences
Section Twelve: History
Telling It Like It Was - Andrew P Norman
Historical Narratives on Their Own Terms
Section Thirteen: Organizational Analysis
Postmodern Organizational Analysis - John Hassard
Toward a Conceptual Framework