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Introduction to Transportation Engineering

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en Limba Engleză Carte Paperback – 16 Nov 2001
The second edition of Introduction to Transportation Engineering has been developed to provide a concise yet thorough introduction to intermodal transportation. One of its underlying concepts is that the basic techniques and principles of transportation engineering are of wide application. For practical reasons, the major emphasis is often on highways, but care is taken to show how basic concepts and techniques apply to different modes. The book strives to provide a background in transportation planning, analysis, and design while emphasizing the social, economic, and political context of transportation engineering. It places major emphasis on important practical topics such as geometric design, Highway Capacity Manual methods, and traffic signal timing, and also emphasizes important theoretical topics such as the fundamental techniques of traffic analysis and the economic theory underlying transportation demand modeling.
The text has been revised and updated to reflect the 2000 revision of the Highway Capacity Manual.The numbers of flow charts, diagrams, and photos have been increased from the previous edition. The text also offers new open-ended design exercises pertaining to common design problems in transportation such as horizontal and vertical alignment of roads, railways, or runways; traffic design for highways; planning and design of traffic control; and design of bus routes and schedules. These exercises respond to ABET-2000 accreditation requirements, particularly to civil engineering program criteria that require “design experiences integrated throughout the professional component of the curriculum.”
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9780071121644
ISBN-10: 0071121641
Dimensiuni: 178 x 229 x 20 mm
Greutate: 0.73 kg
Ediția: 2
Editura: McGraw Hill Education
Colecția McGraw-Hill Education
Locul publicării: United States

Cuprins

1 Introduction

1.1 Transportation Engineering

1.2 The Transportation System
1.2.1 Scope and Functional Organization
1.2.2 Objectives and Constraints

1.3 Modes of Transportation

1.3.1 Highways
1.3.2 Urban Transit
1.3.3 Air
1.3.4 Rail
1.3.5 Water
1.3.6 Pipelines
1.3.7 Other Modes

1.4 Institutional Structure

1.5 Careers in Transportation Engineering

1.6 Summary

References

Exercises

2 Transportation System Issues and Challenges

2.1 Traffic Congestion

2.2 Traffic Safety
2.2.1 Trends
2.2.2 Organization Responsibilities
2.2.3 Legal Concerns
2.2.4 The Challenges

2.3 Equality of Access

2.4 Environmental Protection
2.4.1 Site-Specific Impacts
2.4.2 System-Level Impacts

2.5 New Technology

2.6 Funding

2.7 Institutional Arrangements

2.8 Summary

References

Exercise

3 Introduction to Physical Design of Transportation Facilities

3.1 The Design Process

3.2 Design Standards

3.3 Design Speed and Sight Distance

3.4 Design Documents

3.5 Summary

References

Problems

Exercises

Computer Exercise

4 Geometric Design

4.1 Geometric Cross Section

4.2 Vertical Alignment
4.2.1 Tangent Grades
4.2.2 Vertical Curves

4.3 Horizontal Alignment

4.3.1 Horizontal Tangents
4.3.2 Circular Curves
4.3.3 Transition Curves

4.4 Superelevation

4.5 Coordination of Horizontal and Vertical Alignment

4.6 Intersections and Interchanges

4.7 Design Software

4.8 Summary

References

Problems

Computer Exercises

Design Exercises

5 Earthwork

5.1 Earthwork Cross Sections

5.2 Earthwork Volumes

5.3 Mass Diagrams

5.4 Summary

References

Problems

Computer Exercises

Design Exercise

6 Surfaces and Guideways

6.1 Highway Pavements

6.1.1 Mix Design
6.1.2 Components
6.1.3 Structural Design of Pavement
6.1.4 Asphalt Concrete Pavement Design
6.1.5 The AASHTO Flexible Pavement Design Procedure
6.1.6 The Hveem Method
6.1.7 Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Design
6.1.8 Pavement Maintenance and Rehabilitation

6.2 Railroad Track

6.2.1 Overall Track Structure
6.2.2 Structural Design of Track
6.2.3 Major Track Components: Ballast
6.2.4 Major Track Components: Ties
6.2.5 Major Track Components: Rails
6.2.6 Track Maintenance

6.3 Summary

References

Problems

Exercises

7 Mitigation of Environmental Impacts

7.1 Noise

7.1.1 Measurement of Sound
7.1.2 Airport Noise Mitigation
7.1.3 Highway and Rail Noise Mitigation

7.2 Encroachments on Natural Habitats

7.2.1 Design Modifications
7.2.2 Construction of Artificial Habitats
7.2.3 Management of Habitat in Right-of-Way

7.3 Stormwater Management

7.4 Hazardous Wastes and Soil Contamination

7.5 Summary

References

Problems

Exercises

8 Traffic Analysis Techniques

8.1 Space–Time Relationships

8.1.1 Direct Graphical Solutions
8.1.2 Development of Analytical Solutions
8.1.3 Development of Simulation Models
8.1.4 Nontrajectory Space-Time Diagrams

8.2 Queuing Analysis

8.2.1 Queuing Theory Fundamentals
8.2.2 Queue Discipline
8.2.3 Stochastic Queuing Models
8.2.4 Transportation Applications of Queuing Theory
8.2.5 Queue Density, Storage and Spillback

8.3 Network Analysis

8.4 Summary

References

Problems

Computer Exercises

9 Traffic Flow

9.1 Traffic Data

9.2 Traffic Flow Models

9.3 Traffic Data Analysis

9.3.1 Flows and Volumes
9.3.2 Speed and Travel Time Data
9.3.3 Other Traffic Data

9.4 Summary

References

Problems

Computer Exercise

10 Capacity and Level of Service

10.1 Air Traffic Capacity

10.2 Rail Capacity

10.3 Highway Capacity

10.3.1 Basic Freeway Segments
10.3.2 Ramps and Ramp Juctions
10.3.3 Two-Lane Highways
10.3.4 Signalized Intersections

10.4 Summary

References

Problems

Design Exercise

11 Traffic Control

11.1 Traffic Signals

11.1.1 Definitions
11.1.2 Fixed-Time Controllers
11.1.3 Traffic-Actuated Controllers

11.2 Signal Timing

11.3 Signal Coordination

11.4 Freeway Management Systems

11.4.1 Incident Detection and Response
11.4.2 Ramp Metering

11.5 Rail Traffic Control

11.6 Air Traffic Control

11.7 Summary

References

Problems

Exercises

Design Exercises

12 Transit Operations

12.1 Route Planning

12.2 Route Location

12.3 Stop Location

12.4 Route Schedules
12.4.1 Headways
12.4.2 Constructing Timetables
12.4.3 Branch Route Schedules

12.5 Vehicle and Labor Scheduling

12.6 Control of Operations

12.7 Route Evaluation

12.8 Summary

References

Problems

Exercises

Computer Exercises

Design Exercise

13 Transportation Demand Analysis

13.1 Travel Behavior

13.2 Travel Demand Modeling

13.3 Trip Generation Models

13.4 Trip Distribution Models

13.5 Mode Choice Models

13.6 Trip Assignment Models

13.7 Sequential Modeling Process: An Example

13.8 Summary

References

Problems

Computer Exercises

14 Transportation Planning

14.1 Perspectives on the Planning Process

14.1.1 Historical Background
14.1.2 The Rational Planning Process
14.1.3 The Political Planning Process

14.2 Planning Regulations

14.3 Transportation and Air Quality Planning
14.3.1 Clean Air Act Provisions
14.3.2 Coordination of Air Quality and Transportation Plans
14.3.3 Air Quality Models

14.4 Planning Studies

14.4.1 Types of Planning Studies
14.4.2 Case Study: Dulles Access Road Corridor Transit Alternatives Study
14.4.3 Case Study: Green River Valley Transportation Action Plan
14.4.4 Case Study: Montreal Subway Extension Impact Analysis

14.5 Planning Study Organization

14.6 Summary

References

Exercises

15 Transportation Project Evaluation

15.1 Economic Evaluation Techniques

15.1.1 Life Cycle Cost Analysis
15.1.2 Benefit-Cost Analysis
15.1.3 Other Economic Analysis Techniques

15.2 Environmental Impact Assessment

15.2.1 Environmental Impact Issues
15.2.2 Transportation Environmental Impacts

15.3 Summary

References

Problems

Exercises

Computer Exercises

Appendix A: Statistical Tables

Appendix B: Tables and Charts for Pavement Design

Appendix C: Highway Capacity Manual Materials (Metric)

Index