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Hydrometeorological Extreme Events and Public Health

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en Limba Engleză Hardback – 21 Apr 2022
CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR INCREASED FLOODS AND DROUGHTS RESULTING FROM CLIMATE CHANGE TO PROTECT HUMAN HEALTH Hydrometeorological Extreme Events and Public Health outlines the links between climate change, trends in hydrometeorological extreme events, and the effects on human health, and describes new developments in health adaptation and disaster risk management. The work provides technical facts, examples of international and national approaches and scientific projects, and covers key issues such as multi-sectoral collaboration, disaster preparedness, response and recovery, as well as stakeholder involvement, and costs. Readers will find: * Specific observed and projected health effects of heavy precipitation events, floods, and droughts * A comprehensive analysis of recent studies on the health costs of extreme weather events * A discussion of the impact and interdependency of international health and climate agreements For professionals working in the areas of hydrology, disaster management and prevention, and in the public health sector, Hydrometeorological Extreme Events and Public Health serves as a comprehensive resource on new challenges resulting from climate change and on how we can plan for and adapt to this uncharted territory to protect human lives and human health. The book is the fifth volume of the Hydrometeorological Extreme Events Series.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781119259305
ISBN-10: 1119259304
Pagini: 128
Dimensiuni: 175 x 251 x 16 mm
Greutate: 0.41 kg
Editura: Wiley
Locul publicării: Chichester, United Kingdom

Notă biografică

Franziska Matthies-Wiesler, Helmholtz Zentrum Munich, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Munich, Germany Philippe Quevauviller, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & European Commission, Brussels, Belgium

Cuprins

List of Contributors viii Editors x Series Preface xi Foreword xii Maíre Connolly 1 Introduction 1 Ian Clark 2 Precipitation and Temperature Extremes in a Changing Climate 3 Enrico Scoccimarro and Antonio Navarra 2.1 Introduction 3 2.2 Modelling Past Extreme Events to Project Future Changes 5 2.2.1 Climate Models and Simulations 5 2.2.2 Observed Changes in Precipitation and Temperature 10 2.2.3 Expected Changes for the End of the Current Century 13 2.3 Conclusions 20 References 22 3 Climate Change and Health 26 Alistair Woodward 3.1 Introduction 26 3.2 The IPCC 5th Assessment Report 26 3.3 What Is New Since AR5? 30 3.4 Transition Risks 33 3.5 Co-Benefits - They are There, but Cannot be Assumed 33 3.6 Conclusion 34 References 35 4 Flooding and Public Health in a Changing Climate 38 Owen Landeg 4.1 Introduction 38 4.2 Types of Floods 38 4.3 Health Impacts of Flooding 39 4.3.1 Populations at Risk 39 4.3.2 Mortality 40 4.3.3 Flooding and Mental Health 41 4.3.4 Flooding and Infectious Diseases 42 4.3.5 Displacement, Evacuation and Sheltering 44 4.4 Health System Resilience 44 4.5 Flooding and Climate Change 46 4.6 Public Health Mitigation, Planning and Prevention 46 4.7 Conclusions 47 References 47 5 The Climate Change, Disaster Risk Reduction and Health Nexus 49 Demetrio Innocenti 5.1 Introduction 49 5.2 The Sendai Framework: Tackling Disaster Risk and Health at International Level 49 5.3 The Paris Agreement and the SDGS: Tackling Climate Change and Health 53 5.4 Comparative Analysis of the Three Frameworks 55 5.5 Conclusions 56 References 57 6 Preparedness and Response in View of Climate Change Impacting on Health Challenges 58 Virginia Murray and Lidia Mayner 6.1 Introduction 58 6.2 The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 59 6.2.1 Paris Agreement on Climate Change and Emergency Preparedness 60 6.3 Sustainable Development Goals 61 6.4 What are Hydrometeorological Extreme Events and How are They Defined? 62 6.5 Public Health Risk Management in Relation to Hydrological Extreme Events 64 6.5.1 International Health Regulations 2005 64 6.5.2 WHO Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management Framework 2019 65 6.6 Public Health Risk Management - Some Specific Hydrometeorological Events Issues 67 6.6.1 Infectious Disease Associated with Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 67 6.6.2 Impacts of Climate Change Emergencies on Mental Health 69 6.7 Conclusions and Suggested Ways Forward 70 References 71 7 The Health Costs of Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 74 Gerardo Sanchez Martinez and Paul Hudson 7.1 Introduction 74 7.2 Estimating the Economic Costs of Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 76 7.2.1 HEE Risk Assessment and Data 77 7.2.2 Methods for Valuing Health Impacts in Monetary Terms 79 7.2.3 Projections of Changes in Health and Well-Being Costs of Hydrometeorological Extreme Events Under Different Climate Change Scenarios 85 7.3 Reducing or Off-Setting the Health Costs of Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 86 7.3.1 Increasing the Resilience of Health Systems to Hydrometeorological Extreme Events 87 7.3.2 The Role of Insurance and Other Tools 88 7.3.3 Innovative Funding Sources 89 7.4 Conclusions and Recommendations 90 References 92 8 Conclusions and Perspectives 99 Franziska Matthies-Wiesler and Philippe Quevauviller 8.1 Climate Change Mitigation Vs. Adaptation 99 8.2 Solution-Oriented Research 101 8.3 Community-Building 102 8.4 Strengthening International Partnerships 103 8.5 Perspectives 105 References 107 Index 109