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Forensic Psychology (BPS Textbooks in Psychology)

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en Limba Engleză Carte Paperback – 24 Apr 2015
Updated to reflect recent changes in the field, the 2nd Edition of Forensic Psychology presents a comprehensive overview of forensic psychology and its applications in the civil and criminal justice systems of the UK.

  • Builds on the first edition to convey material in an engaging manner to postgraduate students in psychology
  • Includes a significant expansion of pedagogical features, including text boxes highlighting key seminar issues and key debates in the field to further group discussion
  • Provides an up-to-date summary of emerging evidence in the field, and its implications for evidence based practice
  • Points to additional online learning resources at the conclusion of each chapter
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781118757789
ISBN-10: 1118757785
Pagini: 482
Dimensiuni: 216 x 279 x 25 mm
Greutate: 1.23 kg
Ediția: 2nd Edition
Editura: Wiley
Seria BPS Textbooks in Psychology

Locul publicării: Chichester, United Kingdom

Public țintă

Graduate level students on Forensic Psychology courses

Textul de pe ultima copertă

Forensic Psychology provides a comprehensive overview of the field as it applies to the civil and criminal justice systems in the UK. Drawing on the international evidence base, with contributions from leading international experts, the text provides a key resource for those training to become forensic psychologists, and is designed to meet the needs of the current postgraduate training requirements and beyond. The text evaluates the intellectual foundations of forensic psychology, balancing coverage of theory, experimental research and applied practice across core areas of forensic psychology. Accessible to a range of readers with an interest in forensic psychology, it provides an up–to–date summary of the emerging evidence in the field, and its implications for evidence based practice. The book is divided into two sections and begins with a review of the context of practice and moves on to reviewing the relevant evidence and some of its main applications.
This significant book reflects the rapid development and progress within the field, and is written in a style designed to support and direct students, with the inclusion of specific learning aids and guides to further study.

Cuprins

List of Contributors Note
Part I: Context:
1. Introduction (Graham J. Towl, Durham University)
Justice
Expert Controversies
Thinking about Ethics
Developmental Perspectives
Offender Profiling: Smoke and Mirrors?
Witnesses
Psychological Assessment
Critical Psychology
Drugs
Justice Restored
References
2. The Justice System in England and Wales (David Faulkner, University of Oxford)
What Justice Means
The Criminal Justice System
What Is a Crime?
Measurement of Crime
The Criminal Justice Process
The Sentencing Framework
The Criminal Courts
Police and Policing
The Crown Prosecution Service
Prisons and the Prison Service
Probation
Youth Justice
Home Office
Ministry of Justice
Law Officers Department
Other National Bodies
Some Special Subjects
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
3. Community Services for Children and Young People (Kerry Baker, University of Oxford)
Introduction
Youth Justice in the UK
Characteristics and Needs of Young People Who Offend
Framework for Practice
Interventions and Services
Critical debates
Resources and Multi–Agency Working
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
4. Expert Testimony (Brian R. Clifford, University of Aberdeen)
Introduction
Who and What Is an Expert?
The Controversial Nature of Expert Evidence
Junk Science
The Problem of the Ultimate Issue
Battle of the Experts
Alternatives and Antidotes to Adversarial Expert Testimony
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
5. Ethical Issues in Forensic Psychological Policy and Practice (Graham Towl, Durham University)
Philosophical Roots
Ethical Guidance for Professionals
Power Relationships
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Part II: Evidence–based Practice:
6. The Developmental Evidence Base: Neurobiological Research and Forensic Applications (Robert A. Schug, University of Southern California, Yu Gao,University of Southern California, Andrea L. Glenn, University of Southern California, Melissa Peskin, University of Southern California, Yaling Yang, UCLA and Adrian Raine, University of Pennsylvania)
The Developmental Evidence Base: Neurobiological Research
Genetics
Neuroimaging
Neurology
Neuropsychology
Psychophysiology
Endocrinology
Moral Development
Nutrition
Forensic Applications of Developmental Neurobiological Research
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
7. The Developmental Evidence Base: Prevention (David P. Farrington, University of Cambridge)
Introduction
Family–based Prevention
School–based Prevention
Peer Programmes
Skills Training
Communities That Care
Recent UK Developments
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
8. The Developmental Evidence Base: Psychosocial Research (David P. Farrington, University of Cambridge)
Introduction
Individual Factors
Family Factors
Social Factors
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
9. The Developmental Evidence Base: Desistance (Lila Kazemian, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York and David P. Farrington, University of Cambridge)
Current State of Knowledge on Desistance
Unresolved Issues in Desistance Research
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Note
10. Offender Profiling (David A. Crighton, Ministry of Justice and Durham University)
Introduction
Historical Development
Current Approaches to Offender Profiling
Current Developments
Profiling Databases
The Evidence Base for Profiling
Practice Issues
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
11. Eyewitness Testimony (Lorraine Hope, University of Portsmouth)
Eyewitness Identification Performance: Experimental Research and the Real World
The Witnessed Event
Between the Witnessed Event and Identification Task
Intermediate Recognition Tasks
The Identification Task
Identifications from CCTV
Procedural Guidelines Relating to Suspect Identification in the UK
The Eyewitness in Court
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
12. Children as Witnesses (Graham Davies, University of Leicester and Kathy Pezdek, Claremont Graduate University)
Definition of Memory Suggestibility and False Memory
Factors that Affect the Suggestibility of Children s Memory
Children s True and False Autobiographical Memory
Guidelines for Effective Child Witness Interviewing
Child Witnesses in Court
Conclusions
References
13. Witness Interviewing (David La Rooy, University of Abertay and Coral Dando, University of Leicester)
Introduction
Encoding, Storage and Retrieval
Forgetting
Reminiscence
Encoding Specificity
Suggestibility and False Memory
Witness Interviewing in the UK
Further Reading
References
14. Victims of Crime: Towards a Psychological Perspective (Werner Greve, University of Hildesheim and Cathleen Kappes, University of Hildesheim)
Brightening the Dark Figure: Descriptive Victimology
Explaining Victimisation: Between Probabilities and Blame
Recognising the Suffering: Consequences of Victimisation
Coping with Criminal Victimisation: Towards a Theoretical Integration
Perspectives for Intervention and Research
References
Notes
15. Jury Decision Making (Andreas Kapardis, University of Cyprus)
Introduction: The Jury Idea
The Notion of an Impartial and Fair Jury: A Critical Appraisal
Methods for Studying Juries/Jurors
Selecting Jurors
The Jury Foreperson
Jury Deliberation
Models of Jury Decision Making
Reforming the Jury to Remedy Some of Its Problems
Alternatives to Trial by Jury
Conclusions
References
Notes
16. Assessment (David A. Crighton, Ministry of Justice and Durham University)
Conceptual Issues in Assessment
Psychological Assessment
Data Gathering
Data Analysis
Clinical Judgements and Biases
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
17. Risk Assessment (David A. Crighton, Ministry of Justice and Durham University)
Definitional Issues
Key Principles in Risk Assessment
Limitations of Risk Assessment
Communicating Risk Assessments Effectively
Decision Making about Risks
Managing Risk
Further Reading
References
Notes
18. Aspects of Diagnosed Mental Illness and Offending (David Pilgrim, University of Central Lancashire)
The Social Context of Rule Transgressions: Normal and Abnormal Offenders
Overlaps and Tensions between Psychiatric and Psychological Knowledge
Psychological and Psychiatric Approaches to Mental Illness in Forensic Settings
The Problematic Relationship between Diagnosed Mental Illness and Risk
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
19. Mentally Disordered Offenders: Intellectual Disability (William R. Lindsay, Carstairs State Hospital and University of Abertay and John L. Taylor, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear NHS Trust and University of Northumbria)
The Context of Practice in Forensic Learning Disabilities
Mental Health Legislation
Learning Disability and Crime
Applications of Psychology to Processes within the Justice System
Working with Offenders with ID
Interventions with Offenders with ID
Summary and Conclusions
References
20. Mental Disordered Offenders: Personality Disorder (Richard Howard, University of Nottingham and Conor Duggan, University of Nottingham)
Issues Surrounding the Concept of Personality Disorder
Assessment and Treatment of Personality Disorder
Assessment of Psychopathy
Measures of Interpersonal Style
Practical Considerations
Summary: Assessment of Personality Disorder
Procedural Recommendations in Assessing Personality Disorder
Treatment of Personality Disorder: Some Caveats
Treatment Issues
Personality Disorder and Offending
Conclusions and Implications for the Future
Further Reading
References
Notes
21. The Trauma of Being Violent (Ceri Evans, Canterbury Regional Forensic Psychiatric Service, New Zealand)
Introduction
Empirical Evidence
Clinical and Legal Implications
Conclusions
References
Note
22. Substance Use Disorders (Michael Gossop, Bethlehem Hospital and Institute of Psychiatry London)
Consumption Behaviours, Problems, and Dependence
Drugs and Crime
Assessment of Substance Use Disorders
Management of Detoxification
Treatment
Further Complications
Further Reading
References
Notes
23. Children Who Physically or Sexually Harm Others (Kevin Browne, University of Nottingham and Shihning Chou, University of Nottingham)
Extent of Violent Offences by Children
Extent of Sexual Offences by Children
Characteristics of Antisocial and Violent Children
The Development of Antisocial Behaviour in Children
Need for Early Intervention
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
24. Sexually Harmful Adults (Belinda Brooks–Gordon, Birkbeck University of London)
Who and What Is a Sexually Harmful Adult?
Prevalence and Incidence of Sexually Harmful Behaviours
Theories of Sexually Harmful Behaviour
Assessing the Risk of Sexually Harmful Adults
Interventions for Sexually Harmful Adults
Measuring Interventions
Past Meta–analyses of Interventions with Sexually Harmful Adults
Improving the Quality of Treatment Outcome
Cluster Randomisation
When the Sex Offender Is Not Sexually Harmful
The Politicisation of Sexual Harm
Sexual Harm and the Culture of Fear
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Notes
25. Suicide and Self–Injury in Offenders (Jenny Shaw, University of Manchester and Naomi Humber, University of Manchester)
Suicide in the General Population
Background
Suicide in the Prison Population
Limitations of Prison Suicide Research
Suicide in Community Offenders
Suicide in Police Custody
Pre– and Post–Release Planning from Criminal Justice Agencies
Self–injury in Offenders
Risk Factors for Self–Injury in Offenders
Specific Subgroups of Offenders
Assessing Risk
Prevention
Diversion from the Criminal Justice System
Interventions and Management of Self–Injury
Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Note
26. Restorative Justice as a Psychological Treatment: Healing Victims, Reintegrating Offenders (Lawrence W. Sherman, University of Cambridge and Heather Strang, University of Cambridge)
Introduction
Varieties of Restorative Justice
Theories of Change for Victims and Offenders
Delivering RJ Conferencing
Research on Restorative Justice: The Gold Standard
Effects of RJ Conferencing on Offenders
Effects of RJ Conferencing on Victims
Evidence on Other RJ Options
RJ and Forensic Psychology
Further Reading
References
Notes
27. Concluding Themes: Psychological Perspectives and Futures (Graham J. Towl (Durham University)
Introduction
Contextual Themes
Psychological Perspectives
Futures
Index

Notă biografică

Professor Graham J. Towl is Principal of St Cuthbertâ??s Society and Professor in the Department of Psychology at Durham University. He was formerly the Chief Psychologist in the Ministry of Justice, and is a recipient of the British Psychological Society award for Distinguished Contributions to Professional Psychology. He was the first chair of the British Psychological Societyâ??s renamed Division of Forensic Psychology. He is the editor of Psychological Research in Prisons (2006) and co–author of Psychology in Prisons, 2nd edition (2008) and co–editor of the Dictionary of Forensic Psychology (2008). Professor David A. Crighton is acting Chief Psychologist in the Ministry of Justice and visiting Professor of Forensic Psychology at Roehampton University London. Professor Crightonâ??s main research interests are in the areas of risk assessment, forensic mental health and neuropsychology. He is co–author of Psychology in Prisons, 2nd edition (2008) and co–editor the Dictionary of Forensic Psychology (2008).