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Existence as a Real Property: The Ontology of Meinongianism (Synthese Library, nr. 356)

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en Limba Engleză Carte Hardback – 17 Oct 2012
This profound exploration of one of the core notions of philosophy—the concept of existence itself—reviews, then counters (via Meinongian theory), the mainstream philosophical view running from Hume to Frege, Russell, and Quine, summarized thus by Kant: “Existence is not a predicate.” The initial section of the book presents a comprehensive introduction to, and critical evaluation of, this mainstream view. The author moves on to provide the first systematic survey of all the main Meinongian theories of existence, which, by contrast, reckon existence to be a real, full-fledged property of objects that some things possess, and others lack. As an influential addition to the research literature, the third part develops the most up-to-date neo-Meinongian theory called Modal Meinongianism, applies it to specific fields such as the ontology of fictional objects, and discusses its open problems, laying the groundwork for further research.
In accordance with the latest trends in analytic ontology, the author prioritizes a meta-ontological viewpoint, adopting a dual definition of meta-ontology as the discourse on the meaning of being, and as the discourse on the tools and methods of ontological enquiry. This allows a balanced assessment of philosophical views on a cost-benefit basis, following multiple criteria for theory evaluation. Compelling and revealing, this new publication is a vital addition to contemporary philosophical ontology.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9789400742062
ISBN-10: 9400742061
Pagini: 264
Dimensiuni: 155 x 235 x 20 mm
Greutate: 0.53 kg
Ediția: 2013
Editura: SPRINGER NETHERLANDS
Colecția Springer
Seria Synthese Library

Locul publicării: Dordrecht, Netherlands

Public țintă

Research

Cuprins

Prologue: Much Ado About Nothing.- Acknowledgments.- Existence as Logic.- Chapter 1. The Paradox of Non-Being.- Chapter 2. To Exist and to Count.- Chapter 3. Troubles for the Received View.- Nonexistence.- Chapter 4. Existence As a Real Property.- Chapter 5. Naïve Meinongianism.- Chapter 6. Meinongianisms of The First, Second, and Third Kind.- Close Encounters (with Nonexistents) of the Third Kind.- Chapter 7. Conceiving the Impossible.- Chapter 8. Nonexistents of The Third Kind at Work.- Chapter 9. Open Problems.- References.- Index.​

Recenzii

“This book is marvellous and unique in its content. The book will discuss one of the main notions in philosophy – the concept of existence. … this is an excellent book and I recommend it to your personal library if you are a graduate student and/or researcher working in ontology. It is written by one of the greatest authorities in the field and it is a complete work.” (Philosophy, Religion and Science, June, 2016)

Textul de pe ultima copertă

This profound exploration of one of the core notions of philosophy—the concept of existence itself—reviews, then counters (via Meinongian theory), the mainstream philosophical view running from Hume to Frege, Russell, and Quine, summarized thus by Kant: “Existence is not a predicate.” The initial section of the book presents a comprehensive introduction to, and critical evaluation of, this mainstream view. The author moves on to provide the first systematic survey of all the main Meinongian theories of existence, which, by contrast, reckon existence to be a real, full-fledged property of objects that some things possess, and others lack. As an influential addition to the research literature, the third part develops the most up-to-date neo-Meinongian theory called Modal Meinongianism, applies it to specific fields such as the ontology of fictional objects, and discusses its open problems, laying the groundwork for further research.
In accordance with the latest trends in analytic ontology, the author prioritizes a meta-ontological viewpoint, adopting a dual definition of meta-ontology as the discourse on the meaning of being, and as the discourse on the tools and methods of ontological enquiry. This allows a balanced assessment of philosophical views on a cost-benefit basis, following multiple criteria for theory evaluation. Compelling and revealing, this new publication is a vital addition to contemporary philosophical ontology.

Caracteristici

A comprehensive introduction to the notion of existence – arguably, the most important concept of ontology and metaphysics
Introduces both mainstream and non-standard theories within the philosophical debate on existence
Adopts a meta-ontological viewpoint and develops an original neo-Meinongian theory