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Empire, Architecture, and the City: French-Ottoman Encounters, 1830-1914 (Studies in Modernity and National Identity)

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en Limba Engleză Hardback – November 2008 – vârsta de la 22 ani
Empire building and modernity dominate the history of the nineteenth century. The French and Ottoman empires capitalized on modern infrastructure and city building to control diverse social, cultural, and political landscapes. Zeynep Çelik examines the cities of Algeria and Tunisia under French colonial rule and those of the Ottoman Arab provinces. By shifting the emphasis from the “centers” of Paris and Istanbul to the “peripheries”, she presents a more nuanced look at cross-cultural exchanges. The different political agendas of the French and Ottoman empires reveal the myriad meanings behind remarkably similar urban forms and buildings. This lavishly illustrated volume makes numerous archival plans, photographs, and postcards available for the first time, along with reproductions from periodicals and official yearbooks.Roads, railroads, ports, and waterways served many imperial agendas, ranging from military to commercial and even ideological. Interventions changed the urban fabrics in unprecedented ways: straight arteries were cut through cities, European-style quarters were appended to historic cores, and new industrial and mining towns, military posts, and administrative centres were built according to the latest trends. These major feats of engineering were carefully planned to construct a modern image while addressing practical concerns of growth and communication.Çelik discusses public squares as privileged sites of imperial expression, as evidenced by the buildings that defined them and the iconographically charged monuments that adorned them. She examines the architecture of public buildings. Theatres, schools, and hospitals and the offices that housed the imperial administrative apparatus (city halls, government palaces, post offices, police stations, and military structures) were new secular monuments, designed according to European models but in a range of architectural expressions.Public ceremonies, set against modern urban spaces, played key roles in conveying political messages. Çelik maps out their orchestrated occupation of streets and squares. She concludes with questions on how the various attitudes of both empires engaged cultural differences, race, and civilizing missions.Zeynep Çelik is distinguished professor of architecture at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. She is the author of several books including The Remaking of Istanbul: Portrait of an Ottoman City in the Nineteenth Century, Displaying the Orient and Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers under French Rule.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9780295987798
ISBN-10: 0295987790
Pagini: 337
Ilustrații: 223 illus, 33 in colour
Dimensiuni: 188 x 259 x 28 mm
Greutate: 1.2 kg
Editura: University of Washington Press
Seria Studies in Modernity and National Identity


Recenzii

“Empire, Architecture, and the City is very original for its in-depth comparison of the Ottoman and French empires in Arab regions, their political policies, and architectural and ceremonial symbols. The comparison turns out to be an effective way of explaining common themes and variations, mutual influences, and the differences between the empires." Ira M. Lapidus, University of California, Berkeley“This is an extremely significant project since it fundamentally questions and, through its judicious deployment of extensive data, demonstrates that the old binary of East versus West, Islam versus Christianity, cannot historically be defended.” Julia Clancy-Smith, Department of History, University of Arizona

Notă biografică

Zeynep Celik is distinguished professor of architecture at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. She is the author of several books including "The Remaking of Istanbul: Portrait of an Ottoman City in the Nineteenth Century, Displaying the Orient," and "Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers under French Rule."