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Ecology, Systematics, and the Natural History of Predaceous Diving Beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

Editat de Donald A. Yee
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en Limba Engleză Hardback – 31 Jul 2014
Predaceous diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) constitute one of the largest families of freshwater insects (~ 4,200 species). Although dytiscid adults and larvae are ubiquitous throughout a variety of aquatic habitats and are significant predators on other aquatic invertebrates and vertebrates, there are no compilations that have focused on summarizing the knowledge of their ecology, systematics, and biology. Such knowledge would benefit anyone working in aquatic systems where dytiscids are an important part of the food web. Moreover, this work will allow a greater appreciation of dytiscids as model organisms for investigations of fundamental principles derived from ecological and evolutionary theory. Contributed chapters are by authors who are actively engaged in studying dytiscids and each chapter offers a synthesis of the current knowledge of a variety of topics and will provide future directions for research.
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9789401791083
ISBN-10: 9401791082
Pagini: 486
Ilustrații: XVIII, 468 p. 148 illus., 90 illus. in color.
Dimensiuni: 155 x 235 x 25 mm
Greutate: 9.4 kg
Ediția: 2014
Editura: SPRINGER NETHERLANDS
Colecția Springer
Locul publicării: Dordrecht, Netherlands

Public țintă

Upper undergraduate

Cuprins

Title: Ecology, Systematics, and Natural History of Predaceous Diving Beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

Title Page
Table of Contents
Dedication
Foreword
Preface
1. An introduction to the Dytiscidae: their diversity, historical importance, cultural significance, and other musings
1.1 Dytiscids past and present
1.2 Nature red in tooth and claw and mandible
1.3 Cultural notes
1.4 Final words
2. Bridging ecology and systematics: 25 years of study of larval morphology of world Dytiscidae
2.1. Introduction
2.2 General Morphology of Dytiscidae Larvae
2.3. Chaetotaxy Analysis: Methodological Approach
2.4. Ground Plan Pattern of Primary Setae and Pores of the Dytiscidae
2.5 Larval Chaetotaxy and Ontogeny
2.6 Bridging Ecology and Systematics
2.7 Summary and future directions
3. The phylogeny and classification of predaceous diving beetles
3.1 Introduction
3.2  Material and Methods
3.3 Results
3.4 Discussion
3.5 Diving beetle phylogeny and classification
3.6 Family-group classification of Dytiscidae Leach, 1815
3.7 Future directions
4. Morphology, anatomy, and physiological aspects of dytiscids
4.1 External morphology
4.2 Internal anatomy and physiology
4.3 Future directions5. Predaceous diving beetle sexual systems
5. Predaceous diving beetle sexual systems
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Sexual variation
5.3 Dytiscid sexual systems
5.4 Summary
5.5 Future directions
6. Chemical ecology and biochemistry of Dytiscidae
6.1. Chemical ecology of freshwater organisms
6.2. Chemical senses
6.3. Intraspecific interactions: Sex-Pheromones
6.4. Interspecific interactions
6.5. Dermal glands, epicuticular lipids, and body coloration by pigments
6.6. Microorganisms and dytiscids
6.7. Future directions7. Habitats
7.1 Defining habitats
7.2 Classifying habitats
7.3 Abiotic habitat conditions
7.4 Biotic interactions
7.5 Plant-dytiscid relationships
7.6 Habitat specificity
7.7 Future Directions
8. Predator-prey interactions of dytiscids
8.1 Introduction
8.2 What do dytiscids eat?
8.3 Selective predation and effects on community attributes
8.4 Cannibalism and Intraguild Predation
8.5 Non-consumptive effects of dytiscid predation
8.6 Dytiscids as predators of vector and nuisance species
8.7 Environmental constraints on predation
8.8 Dytiscids as prey
8.9 Future Directions
9. Dispersal in Dytiscidae
9.1 Introduction
9.2 The evolution, maintenance, and consequences of dispersal
9.3 Consequences of dispersal
9.4 On flight and wings and flightlessness
9.5 Proximate drivers of dispersal and how to find water
9.6 The macroecology of movement in predaceous diving beetles
9.7. Future directions – where do we (and the beetles) go from here?
10. Community patterns in dytiscids
10.1 An introduction to natural communities
10.2 Random vs. non-random distributions
10.3 Ecological similarity
10.4 Dispersal
10.5 Phylogenetic community composition
10.6 Summary and Future Directions
11. The conservation of predaceous diving beetles:  knowns, unknowns and anecdote
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Dytiscidae as a group worthy of conservation
11.3 The causes of loss
11.4 Drainage
11.5 Pollution
11.6 Encroachment
11.7 Climate change
11.8 Globalization, and the fourth horsemen of the apocalypse
11.9 Types of conservation
11.1 0 European Conventions – including a case-study in conservation legislation and
its consequences
11.11 Popularity, biodiversity and ecosystem services
11.12 Global Lists
11.13 Dumbing-down
11.14 The way ahead – “passive conservation” and the possible pitfalls of connectivity
1.15 Future directions
Index

Notă biografică

Although his primary research focus involves medically important container mosquitoes, he is broadly a community ecologist who has a strong, broad background in invertebrates and aquatic habitats. He has focused most of his research efforts on mosquitoes, in part because this group provides an excellent model system to explore topics across many levels of ecological organization, from individuals, to population, to communities. His specific interests lie in examining how individual species traits, such as feeding behavior, habitat selection, dispersal and oviposition decisions affect species interactions and in linking how the outcomes of these interactions affect patterns of species diversity and invasion success. This work has important implications for public health, as findings of his work can offer insights into the factors that control the distributions of medically important mosquitoes.

Textul de pe ultima copertă

This comprehensive book provides one of the most complete overviews of the aquatic beetles in the family Dytiscidae, also known as predaceous diving beetles. Dytiscids constitute one of the largest families of freshwater insects with approximately 4,200 named species that come in a variety of sizes, colors, and habitat affinities. Although dytiscid adults and larvae are ubiquitous throughout a variety of aquatic habitats, and are important predators on other aquatic invertebrates and vertebrates, there are no compilations that have focused on summarizing the knowledge on aspects of their ecology, systematics, and biology. Chapters in this book summarize hitherto scattered topics, including their anatomy and habitats, chemical and community ecology, phylogenies and larval morphology including chaetotaxy, sexual systems, predation, dispersal, conservation, and cultural and historical aspects. This knowledge is potentially beneficial to anyone working in aquatic systems where dytiscids are an important part of the food web. Moreover, readers will gain a greater appreciation of dytiscids as model organisms for investigations of fundamental principles derived from ecological and evolutionary theory. Contributed chapters are by authors who are actively engaged in studying dytiscids, and each chapter provides color photos and future directions for research. 

Caracteristici

First such reference that cover all aspects of natural history and systematics of Diving Beetles
This book will have cross-system appeal, as anyone working with food webs of freshwater systems (e.g., ponds, lakes, streams) will benefit from an overview of the current knowledge of dytiscids
This volume also will appeal to those working on aquatic beetles, aquatic predators and beetles and predation in general
Includes color photographs