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Capitalism in the Ottoman Balkans: Industrialisation and Modernity in Macedonia (The Ottoman Empire and the World)

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Notă GoodReads:
en Limba Engleză Hardback – 08 Aug 2019
The Ottoman Empire went through rapid economic and social development in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as it approached its end. Profound changes took place in its European territories, particularly and prominently in Macedonia. In the decades before the First World War, industrial capitalism began to emerge in Ottoman Macedonia and its impact was felt across society.The port city of Salonica was at the epicentre of this transformation, led by its Jewish community. But the most remarkable site of development was found deep in provincial Macedonia, where industrial capitalism sprang from domestic sources in spite of unfavourable conditions. Ottoman Greek traders and industrialists from the region of Mount Vermion helped shape the economic trajectory of 'Turkey in Europe', and competed successfully against Jewish capitalists from Salonica.The story of Ottoman Macedonian capitalism was nearly forgotten in the century that followed the demise of the Empire. This book pieces it together by unearthing Ottoman archival materials combined with Greek sources and field research. It offers a fresh perspective on late Ottoman economic history and will be an invaluable resource for scholars of Ottoman, Greek and Turkish history.Published in Association with the British Institute at Ankara
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Specificații

ISBN-13: 9781788314336
ISBN-10: 1788314336
Pagini: 312
Ilustrații: 20 b&w
Dimensiuni: 156 x 234 x 22 mm
Greutate: 0.62 kg
Editura: Bloomsbury Publishing
Colecția I.B.Tauris
Seria The Ottoman Empire and the World

Locul publicării: London, United Kingdom

Caracteristici

Responds to broader questions concerning the late Ottoman Empire and late nineteenth century European history

Notă biografică

Costas Lapavitsas is Professor of Economics at SOAS, University of London, UK. He has worked at SOAS since 1991, and his main area of specialization is political economy of money and finance. He has published dozens of books and articles in several languages. He also writes frequently for the international press. His most recent books are Profiting Without Producing (2013), Marxist Monetary Theory (2016), and The Left Case Against the EU (2018).Pinar Cakiroglu is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Crete, Greece. She received her PhD in Economics in 2015 from SOAS, University of London, UK. Her main area of research is the political economy and economic history of the Ottoman Empire, Turkey and Greece.

Cuprins

Ch. 1 The emergence of industrial capitalism in Ottoman Macedonia Ch. 2 Analysing Ottoman capitalism: Theoretical and empirical resources Ch. 3 Administrative mechanisms and population changes in the vilayet of Thessaloniki Ch. 4 The straightjacket of çiftlik agriculture in Macedonia Ch. 5 The commercial roots of Ottoman textile capitalism Ch 6. Private industrial capitalism in Ottoman Macedonia Ch. 7 The Ottoman state creates a framework for industrialisation Ch. 8 Ascendant industrialists, emerging working class, turbulent communities Ch. 9 Precarious capitalism

Recenzii

Finally, a specific tale is told to complement the general history of Ottoman industrialization and economic development in the nineteenth century. Lapavitzas and Cakiroglu bring earlier theoretical debates on the transition to capitalism back in and blend them with extensive empirical evidence from distinct sources to shed light on the experience of a region in its path to capitalist development. Naoussa stands out as a centre of Ottoman industrial capitalism with the dynamic participation of local families in textile manufacturing and commercial activity throughout this period. This small town and its surrounding region, namely, Mount Vermion, encapsulate prime features of Ottoman modernization, namely, Tanzimat, and demonstrate at its best the characteristics of late Ottoman capitalism. Although "the region amounted to little more than a small pocket of industrial capitalism," the authors argue, its experience offers some fresh insights into the study of Ottoman economic history and European economic development in the age of the Industrial Revolution.
The study is an important contribution to the debate on industrialisation in the late Ottoman Empire. It focuses on the as yet almost totally neglected south-western Macedonian case, pointing out the internal social dynamics of urban and rural economic transformation, but also the powerful constraints under which industialisation occurred. The research is also original in that it demonstrates the decisive impact of political and institutional factors on regional economic development. It shows, on the one hand, how the Ottoman administration strove to face the challenges of European industrial and geopolitical competition by providing incentives to industrialists, only to falter under the growing pressure of ethnic and cultural antagonisms; and on the other, it demonstrates how the investments and entrepreneurial decisions of the dominant Greek Orthodox and Jewish industrialists were supported and greatly facilitated by local communal structures, in which they were securely and advantageously embedded. It is a must-read book for those interested in the economic and social history of Southeastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean during the surge of the first Globalisation.
In this interesting and well written book, Lapavitsas and Cakiroglu tell the unlikely story of the emergence of industrial capitalism in Ottoman Macedonia during the decades before World War I. They show how, despite the conditions of free trade, Jewish and Greek entrepreneurs made use of the existing natural resources as well as state policies to create a large industrial base in cotton spinning and wool weaving. It was not easy, however, to sustain this effort in an environment dominated by mostly small scale agriculture and in the age of rising nationalisms. There are important lessons in this insightful account also for those interested in the theoretical aspects of the rise of industrial capitalism.