Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps

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en Limba Engleză Paperback – March 1999
Between the years 1942 and 1943, under the code name Operation Reinhard, more than one and a half million Jews were gassed in the concentration camps of Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka, located in Nazi-occupied Poland. Jewish survivors of the operation numbered fewer than 200. Yitzhak Arad reveals here the complete story of Operation Reinhard for the first time. Using sources previously overlooked, such as German and Polish official records and testimonies from Nazi war criminal trials, Arad records the history of the Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka death camps from theirconstruction in 1941 to their destruction in 1943. He describes the camps' physical layouts, the process of extermination used, and the actions of the SS men and Ukrainian guards who operated the camps. Arad tells the tale of the death camps' inmates -- though many of their lives lasted but a few hours following their arrival --he underground organizations, the revolts and escapes, and the details concerning the day-to-day survival of those spared instant death in the gas chambers. Arad's work retrieves the experience of Operation Reinhard's victims and survivors from obscurity and bears eloquent witness to the tragedy which was theirs.Biographical Statement:Yitzhak Arad, Chairman of Yad Vashem, Holocaust Remembrance Authority, is a lecturer in Jewish History at the University of Tel Aviv and author of Ghetto in Flames: Story of the Vilna Ghetto.
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ISBN-13: 9780253213051
ISBN-10: 0253213053
Pagini: 448
Ilustrații: 20 b&w photos
Dimensiuni: 157 x 235 x 29 mm
Greutate: 0.62 kg
Editura: Indiana University Press


CONTENTSPART ONE THE EXTERMINATION MACHINE1. The Final Solution: From Shooting to Gas2. Operation Reinhard: Organization and Manpower3. Belzec: Construction and Experiments4. Construction of Sobibor5. Construction of Treblinka6. Preparing for the Deportations7. Expulsion from the Ghettos8. The Trains of Death9. Belzec: March 17 to June, 194210. Sobibor: May to July, 194211. Treblinka: July 23 to August 28, 194212. Reorganization in Treblinka13. The Mission of Gerstein and Pfannenstiel14. Jewish Working Prisoners15. Women Prisoners16. Improved Extermination Techniques and Installations17. The Annihilation of the Jews in the General Government18. Deportations from Bialystok General District and Ostland19. Transports from Other European Countries20. The Extermination of Gypsies21. The Economic Plunder22. Himmle’s Visit to SObibor and Treblinka23. The Erasure of the CrimesPART TWO LIFE IN THE SHADOW OF DEATH24 Portraits of the Perpetrators25 The Prisoners’ of Daily Life26 The Prisoners and the Deportees27 Faith and Religion28 Diseases, Epidemics, and Suicide29 Social LifePART THREE ESCAPE AND RESISTANCE30 The Cognizance and Reaction of the Victims in Occupied Poland31 Escapes from the Trains and Spontaneous Acts of Resistance32 Escapes from the Camps33 The Underground in Teblinka34 The Plan for the Uprising in Treblinka35 August 2, 1943: The Uprising in Treblinka36 Pursuit and Escape from Treblinka37 Ideas and Organization for Resistance in Sobibor38 The Underground in Sobibor39 The Plan for Uprising in Sobibor40 October 14, 1943: The Uprising in Sobibor41 Pursuit and Escape from Sobibor42 Survival amoung the Local Population43 Reports about the Death Camps in Polish Wartime Publications44 An Evaluation of the Uprisings and Their Results45 Operation Erntefest46 The Liquidation of the Camps and the Termination of Operation ReinhardEpilogueAPPENDIX A The Deportation of the Jews from the General Government, Bialystok General District, and OstlandAPPENDIX B The Fate of the Perpetrators of Operation ReinhardBibliographic Key to the NotesNotesIndex


“Drawing on a wealth of evidence . . . . [Arad] lets the terrible recordspeak for itself.. . . Mr. Arad reports as a controlled and effective witness for the prosecution. . . . Mr. Arad’s book, with its abundance of horrifying detail, reminds us of how far we have to go.” New York Times Book Review“ . . . some of the most gripping chapters I have ever read. . . . the authentic, exhaustive, definitive account of the least known death camps of the Nazi era.” Raul Hilberg