Aviation Psychology and Human Factors

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Notă GoodReads:
en Limba Engleză Carte Hardback – 31 Aug 2009

While it is true that fortune favors the prepared mind, in the field of aviation, it may be equally true that misfortune often punishes an unprepared mind. To be fully prepared, pilots must have comprehensive knowledge of weather, aerodynamics, propulsion, navigation, and all the other technical disciplines. However, they must also have a comprehensive understanding of the component that is simultaneously the most fragile and most resilient, the most unreliable and the most adaptable—the human being.
Aviation Psychology and Human Factors explores the application of psychological principles and techniques to the specific situations and problems of aviation. It provides a complete overview of the role of psychology in the field of aviation. The authors address the contribution of psychology in the design of aviation systems, the selection and training of pilots, the psychological characteristics of pilots that may relate to aviation safety, and to the behavior of passengers. They cover key concepts of psychological research and data analysis at a depth that fosters a greater appreciation of how these tools are used in the development of new psychological knowledge.
A keener understanding of aviation psychology will better prepare pilots for the demands that aviation will make. While many books cover this subject for psychologists, very few, if any present the material to pilots. With balanced coverage that makes the material accessible to both, this book makes pilots aware of the positive impact psychology and its application can have on improving aviation operations, providing specific information that pilots can use in their daily operations. It gives psychologists a better understanding of how their discipline is applied to aviation, while giving pilots the tools to better evaluate and implement future products in the field of aviation psychology.

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ISBN-13: 9781439808436
ISBN-10: 1439808430
Pagini: 225
Ilustrații: 22 b/w images, 27 tables and Less than 15
Dimensiuni: 160 x 236 x 20 mm
Greutate: 0.54 kg
Editura: CRC Press
Locul publicării: United States

Public țintă

Ergonomics and human factors engineers working in the areas of human performance modeling, perception and performance, psychology, cognitive science, safety, and human-computer interaction; industrial engineers working in the areas of systems engineering; industrial designers; safety and risk engineers; pilots; aviation systems designers; engineering psychology students; flight instructors; aviation lecturers; aviation instructors; aerospace engineers; and mechanical engineers.


What Is Aviation Psychology?
What Is Research?
Goals of Psychology
Models and Psychological Constructs
Human Performance Models
Models of Human Information Processing
Models of Accident Causation
Models of Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM)

Research Methods and Statistics
The Research Process
Literature Review and Research Questions
Research Problems
Descriptive Methods and Measurement
Experiments, Quasi-Experiments, and Correlation Research
Design and Validity
Research Ethics
Cheating and Fraud in Research
Recommended Reading

Aviation Psychology, Human Factors, and the Design of Aviation Systems
Types of Human Error
Human Characteristics and Design
Principles of Display Design
System Design
An Example: Design of the Fuel Gage
Interacting with the System
Current Issues
Recommended Reading

Personnel Selection
Job Analysis
Predictors and Criteria
How Can We Know That Predictors Work?
Historical Overview
How Well Do the Different Methods Work?
Personality and Job Performance
Computer-Based Testing
The Utility of Selection Methods
Fairness in Selection
Recommended Reading

Training System Design
Crew Resource Management
Simulator Training
Training Using Personal Computers
Recurrent Training and Skill Decay
Concluding Remarks
Recommended Reading

Stress, Human Reactions, and Performance
What Is Stress?
Conflicts between Work and Private Life
Burnout and Engagement
Individual Differences and Stress
Consequences of Stress
Shift Work
Extreme Stress
Passenger Reactions
The Pains and Pleasures of Air Travel
Unruly Passenger Behavior
Recommended Reading

Culture, Organizations, and Leadership
Do Organizational Issues Play a Role in Accidents?
What Is Culture?
National Culture
Professional Culture
Organizational Culture
Safety Culture
Women and Aviation
Reorganization and Adapting to New Working Conditions
Recommended Reading

Aviation Safety
Accident Incidence
Causes of Accidents
Classification of Aircraft Accidents
Special Problems in Doing Research on Accidents
Why Are Some Pilots Safer Than Others?
The Decision-Making Component of Accidents
Aeronautical Decision Making
Hazardous Attitudes
Locus of Control
Risk Perception and Risk Tolerance
Situation Awareness
Aviation Weather Encounters
Other Programs to Improve Safety
Recommended Reading

Concluding Remarks
Internet Resources for Pilots

Notă biografică

Dr. Monica Martinussen has published over 50 articles on topics related to pilot selection, aviation psychology, stress and burnout, psychometrics, and meta-analysis. Dr. David R. Hunter is the principal investigator for a research program which evaluates countermeasures to motion sickness and sopite syndrome in land vehicles and ocean vessels, as well as a program that develops and evaluates several psychological scales related to the safety of army aviators.