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Authorizations in SAP Software: Design and Configuration (SAP Press)

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en Limba Engleză Carte Hardback – 26 Aug 2010
This book gives you a practical and comprehensive introduction to the design and management of authorizations in SAP. You'll learn how to develop a meaningful authorization concept that meets statutory requirements and is tailored to your business processes. And you'll learn how those processes are implemented as authorizations in your SAP system. In addition you'll gain insight into which tools and functions of the change management process in SAP play a role in designing and implementing an authorizations concept, and learn about SAP NetWeaver IdM, CUA, SAP BusinessObjects Access Control, and the UME. Finally, you'll discover how to implement an authorizations concept in various other SAP applications and components (SAP ERP, HCM, CRM, SRM, and BW).

1. Organizational PermissionsLearn how to develop a systematic differentiation of roles and permissions in SAP ERP. You'll alsolearn how to assign roles for the organizational management of SAP ERP HCM.

2. Legal FrameworksDiscover the legal and regulatory scenarios (i.e., accounting law and data governance) that arerelevant to your business, and how they fit into the authorization concept.

3. SAP Tools for Change ManagementMaster the essential tools for authorizations management, including the Role Manager, CUA,SAP BusinessObjects Access Control, SAP NetWeaver IdM, UME, and more.

4. Technical Basics and CustomizingLearn which features are relevant to user maintenance and the basic settings necessary for ameaningful functional separation.

5. Authorizations in SAP SystemsGain an in-depth understanding of the core processes of SAP ERP, as well as the specific requirements of SAP ERP HCM, SAP CRM, SAP SRM and SAP NetWeaver.
Highlights:

  • Organization and permissions
  • Legal framework
  • Technical principles of the change management process
  • System preferences and customizing
  • Role assignment via Organizational Management
  • Role Manager
  • Central User Administration (CUA)
  • SAP NetWeaver Identity Management (IdM)
  • SAP BusinessObjects Access Control
  • User Management Engine (UME)
  • Authorizations in HCM, CRM, SRM, and BW
  • Permissions in Financial Accounting
  • Logistics and administration

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    Specificații

    ISBN-13: 9781592293421
    ISBN-10: 1592293425
    Pagini: 684
    Dimensiuni: 184 x 238 x 40 mm
    Greutate: 1.21 kg
    Ediția: 1. Auflage
    Editura: Rheinwerk Verlag GmbH
    Seria SAP Press


    Cuprins

    1... Introduction ... 23

    PART I Business Concepts

    2... Introduction and Concept Definition ... 29
    ... 2.1 ... Methodical Considerations ... 30
    ... 2.2 ... Compliance ... 33
    ... 2.3 ... Risk ... 34
    ... 2.4 ... Corporate Governance ... 38
    ... 2.5 ... Technical Versus Business Significance of the Authorization Concept ... 40
    ... 2.6 ... Technical Versus Business Roles ... 42

    3 ... Organization and Authorizations ... 45
    ... 3.1 ... Example of an Organizational Differentiation ... 46
    ... 3.2 ... Introduction ... 48
    ... 3.3 ... Institutional Organization Concept ... 50
    ... 3.4 ... Instrumental Organization Concept ... 54
    ... 3.5 ... Consequences of the Examination of the Organization ... 72
    ... 3.6 ... Views of the Organizational Structure in SAP Systems ... 73
    ... 3.7 ... Organizational Levels and Structures in SAP ERP ... 83
    ... 3.8 ... Information on the Methodology in the Project ... 91
    ... 3.9 ... Summary ... 93

    4 ... Legal Framework - Standardization Framework ... 95
    ... 4.1 ... Basic Principles of Internal and External Regulations ... 96
    ... 4.2 ... Internal Control System ... 100
    ... 4.3 ... Sources of Law for External Accounting ... 101
    ... 4.4 ... Data Privacy Laws ... 107
    ... 4.5 ... General Requirements for Authorization Concepts ... 115
    ... 4.6 ... Summary ... 121

    5 ... Authorizations in the Process View ... 123
    ... 5.1 ... Process Overview ... 123
    ... 5.2 ... The Sales Process ... 125
    ... 5.3 ... The Procurement Process ... 131
    ... 5.4 ... Support Processes ... 136
    ... 5.5 ... Requirements of the Separation of Duties ... 139
    ... 5.6 ... Summary ... 140

    PART II Tools and Authorization Maintenance in the SAP System

    6 ... Basic Technical Principles of Authorization Maintenance ... 145
    ... 6.1 ... User/Authorization ........................................................ 145
    ... 6.2 ... Transaction - Program - Authorization Object ... 153
    ... 6.3 ... Role and Role Profiles ... 163
    ... 6.4 ... Analysis of Authorization Checks ... 193
    ... 6.5 ... Additional Role Types in SAP ERP .................................. 199
    ... 6.6 ... Summary ... 202

    7 ... System Settings and Customizing ... 203
    ... 7.1 ... Maintaining and Using the Defaults for the Profile Generator ... 204
    ... 7.2 ... Upgrading Authorizations ... 218
    ... 7.3 ... Parameters for Password Rules ... 223
    ... 7.4 ... Customizing Settings for the Menu Concept ... 226
    ... 7.5 ... Authorization Groups ... 233
    ... 7.6 ... Parameter and Query Transactions ... 246
    ... 7.7 ... Promoting an Authorization Field to an Organizational Level ... 254
    ... 7.8 ... Developer and Authorization Trace ... 262
    ... 7.9 ... Creating Authorization Fields and Objects ... 265
    ... 7.10 ... Further Transactions of the Authorization Administration ... 269
    ... 7.11 ... Transferring Roles Between Systems or Clients ... 271
    ... 7.12 ... User Master Comparison ... 274

    8 ... Role Assignment via Organizational Management ... 277
    ... 8.1 ... Basic Concept of SAP ERP HCM Organizational Management ... 278
    ... 8.2 ... Technical Prerequisites ... 281
    ... 8.3 ... Technical Implementation ... 281
    ... 8.4 ... Conceptual Special Feature ... 285
    ... 8.5 ... Summary ... 286

    9 ... Automated Organizational Differentiation: The Role Generator ... 289
    ... 9.1 ... Challenge and Solution Approach ... 290
    ... 9.2 ... Implementation Example for the Area Role Concept ... 298
    ... 9.3 ... Integration, Restrictions, and Prospects ... 307
    ... 9.4 ... Summary ... 307

    10 ... Central Administration of Users and Management of Authorizations ... 309
    ... 10.1 ... Basic Principles ... 310
    ... 10.2 ... Central User Administration ... 316
    ... 10.3 ... SAP BusinessObjects Access Control Compliant User Provisioning ... 325
    ... 10.4 ... SAP NetWeaver Identity Management ... 331
    ... 10.5 ... Summary ... 345

    ... 11 ... Authorizations: Standards and Analysis ... 347
    ... 11.1 Standards and Their Analysis ... 347
    ... 11.2 Critical Transactions and Objects ... 356
    ... 11.3 ... General Evaluations of Technical Standards ... 358
    ... 11.4 ... Summary ... 365

    12 ... SAP BusinessObjects Access Control ... 367
    ... 12.1 ... Basic Principles ... 367
    ... 12.2 ... Risk Analysis and Remediation ... 371
    ... 12.3 ... Enterprise Role Management ... 377
    ... 12.4 ... Compliant User Provisioning ... 379
    ... 12.5 ... Superuser Privilege Management ... 381
    ... 12.6 ... Risk Terminator ... 383
    ... 12.7 ... Summary ... 384

    ... 13 ... User Management Engine ... 385
    ... 13.1 ... Overview of the UME ... 386
    ... 13.2 ... Authorization Concept of SAP NetWeaver AS Java ... 393
    ... 13.3 ... User and Role Administration Using the UME ... 399
    ... 13.4 ... Summary ... 406

    PART III Authorization in Specific SAP Solutions

    14 ... Authorizations in SAP ERP HCM ... 409
    ... 14.1 ... Basic Principles ... 409
    ... 14.2 ... Special Requirements of SAP ERP HCM ... 410
    ... 14.3 ... Authorizations and Roles ... 412
    ... 14.4 ... Authorization Main Switch ... 417
    ... 14.5 ... Organizational Management and Indirect Role Assignment ... 420
    ... 14.6 ... Structural Authorizations ... 421
    ... 14.7 ... Context-Sensitive Authorizations ... 426
    ... 14.8 ... Summary ... 429

    15 ... Authorizations in SAP CRM ... 431
    ... 15.1 ... Basic Principles .............................................................. 432
    ... 15.2 ... Dependencies Between Business Role and PFCG Roles ... 442
    ... 15.3 ... Creating PFCG Roles Depending on the Business Roles ... 443
    ... 15.4 ... Assigning Business Roles and PFCG Roles ... 454
    ... 15.5 ... Sample Scenarios for Authorizations in SAP CRM ... 463
    ... 15.6 ... Troubleshooting in the CRM Web Client ... 491
    ... 15.7 ... Access Control Engine ... 494
    ... 15.8 ... Summary ... 507

    16 ... Authorizations in SAP SRM ... 509
    ... 16.1 ... Basic Principles ... 509
    ... 16.2 ... Authorization Assignment in SAP SRM ... 512
    ... 16.3 ... Summary ... 531

    ... Authorizations in SAP NetWeaver BW ... 533
    ... 17.1 ... OLTP Authorizations ... 534
    ... 17.2 ... Analysis Authorizations ... 536
    ... 17.3 ... Modeling Authorizations in SAP NetWeaver BW ... 552
    ... 17.4 ... Summary ... 554

    18 ... Processes in SAP ERP - Specific Authorizations ... 555
    ... 18.1 ... Basic Principles ... 556
    ... 18.2 ... Authorizations in Financial Accounting ... 558
    ... 18.3 ... Authorizations in Controlling ... 574
    ... 18.4 ... Authorizations in Logistics (General) ... 588
    ... 18.5 ... Authorizations in Purchasing ... 594
    ... 18.6 ... Authorizations in Sales and Distribution ... 601
    ... 18.7 ... Authorizations in Technical Processes ... 605
    ... 18.8 ... Summary ... 616

    19 ... Project Concepts and Approaches ... 617
    ... 19.1 ... Authorization Concept in the Project Context ... 617
    ... 19.2 ... Procedure Model ... 620
    ... 19.3 ... SAP Best Practices Template Role Concept ... 628
    ... 19.4 ... Content of an Authorization Concept ... 636
    ... 19.5 ... Summary ... 642

    Appendices ... 643
    ... A ... List of Abbreviations ... 645
    ... B ... Glossary ... 649
    ... C ... Bibliography ... 661
    ... D ... The Authors ...

    Index ... 665